Three million children work in Mexico: Study

3mn children in Mexico, between five and 17 years of age, participate in economic activities the country`s Labour Ministry said today.

Updated: Jul 14, 2010, 16:02 PM IST

Mexico City: Three million
children in Mexico, between five and 17 years of age,
participate in economic activities, the country`s Labour
Ministry said today.

According to National Institute of Statistics and
Geography and the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, the
number of children working in the country decreased by 17.3
per cent from 3.6 million to three million during the biennium
2007-2009.

The child occupancy rate fell from 12.5 per cent in 2007
to 10.7 per cent in 2009, in the case of males the proportion
rose to 16.6 per cent compared to 14.1 and in girls to 8.3
from 7.2 per cent, the government agency said.

The southern state of Guerrero reported the higher infant
occupancy rate reaching 17.6 percentage points and the lowest
corresponded to Chihuahua in northern Mexico, with 3.4
per cent, according to the institutional assessment.

According to INEGI, in 2009 there were 28.2 million
children aged five to 17 years old, equivalent to 26.2 per
cent of the total population, which shows the magnitude of the
phenomenon.

Through the research, it was found that 90.5 per cent of
children this age attend school and among the main reasons for
dropout are the lack of interest or aptitude for study and the
lack of economic resources at home.

It also endorsed that 49.1 per cent of children receive
remuneration and 47.2 per cent work without pay in exchange,
in activities such as trade, services, agricultural and
industrial activities, to receive generally low income.

About occupation risk, the research showed that about
120,000 occupied children have suffered an accident, injury or
illness at work and required medical assistance during the
analyzed biennium.

Meanwhile, 5.7 per cent worked in inappropriate or not
permitted places, such as mines, places without ventilation or
light, heights, streets, avenues and bars. According to
Statistics; 27.2 per cent were exposed to excessive noise,
humidity, dangerous tools, chemicals, among other risks,
indicated the diagnosis.

PTI