London: Britain on Thursday celebrated the 90th birthday of Queen Elizabeth II with gun salutes and fireworks and Prime Minister David Cameron paying tributes to the UK's oldest and longest-serving monarch calling her a "Rock of strength" for the country and the Commonwealth.
Prime Minister David Cameron led the tributes by referring to the Queen as a "Rock of strength" while Prince Charles, the Queen's heir, recorded a special birthday message for his mother in which he reads an edited passage from William Shakespeare's Henry VIII for radio broadcast during the day.
Following is the speech which Cameron gave in Parliament to mark the 90th birthday of the Queen:
I beg to move the motion on the order paper that stands in my name and that of the Leader of the Opposition and the Leader of the Scottish National Party.
Mr Speaker, today we celebrate the 90th birthday of our country’s longest reigning monarch.
Her Majesty the Queen – our Queen – has lived a life of service that began long before her accession to the throne.
In 1940, just 14 years old, the then Princess Elizabeth made her first BBC radio broadcast to bring comfort and hope to the children who had been evacuated from Britain’s cities during the war.
At 18 she became the first female member of the Royal family to join the armed forces, joining the women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service, training as a driver and a mechanic.
And at just 21 she made that exquisite and defining broadcast from Cape Town in which she uttered those famous words – saying and I quote:
My whole life whether it be long or short shall be devoted to your service.
Mr Speaker, never has such an extraordinary promise been so profoundly fulfilled.
As I said when we gathered in September to mark Her Majesty becoming our longest reigning monarch, for all of us in this Chamber who seek to play our part in public service, it is truly humbling to comprehend the scale of service that Her Majesty has given to our country over so many years.
If you think of the vital landmark in completing our journey to democracy when everyone over 21 was finally given the vote in 1928.
It means that Her Majesty has presided over two thirds of our history as a full democracy.
In that time she has met a quarter of all the American Presidents since Independence.
She’s provided council to no fewer than 12 Prime Ministers.
And that is just in Britain.
She has worked with well over 150 Prime Ministers in her other realms.
So if anyone can come up with a collective noun for a group of Prime Ministers, it is probably Her Majesty.
And I think I’ll leave it to her to make some suggestions.
I know that – like me – every Prime Minister has found her counsel an incredibly valuable part of the job.
Her perspective and length of experience is unique – and utterly invaluable.
Her first Prime Minister, in 1952, was Winston Churchill.
Like him and all those that have followed, I can testify that she is quite simply one of the best audiences in the world.
There is no-one else in public life that any Prime Minister can really speak to in total confidence.
And no other country has a Head of State with such wisdom and such patience.
Mr Speaker, there are some who suspect that at times I may have put her patience to the test.
In the play ‘The Audience’, the character who portrays me goes on and on about Europe for so long that she falls asleep!
But I can guarantee this has never happened.
I may not have kept my promise not to bang on about the EU in every forum but this is certainly the one where I try the hardest!
Of course, Mr Speaker, as some have pointed out, now she is entering her tenth decade, Her Majesty is starting to take things a little easier, which is why in the last year alone she has only undertaken 177 public engagements!
Mr Speaker, in 90 years, Her Majesty has lived through some extraordinary times in our world.
From the Second World War, when her parents, the King and Queen were nearly killed as bombs dropped on Buckingham Palace, to the rations with which she bought the material for her wedding dress.
From presenting the World Cup to England at Wembley in 1966, to man landing on the moon 3 years later.
From the end of the Cold War, to peace in Northern Ireland.
Throughout it all, as the sands of culture shift and the tides of politics ebb and flow Her Majesty has been steadfast – a rock of strength for our nation, for our Commonwealth and on many occasions for the whole world.
As her grandson, Prince William has said:
Time and again, quietly and modestly, The Queen has shown us all that we can confidently embrace the future without compromising the things that are important.
As Her Majesty said in her first televised Christmas broadcast of 1957, it is necessary to hold fast to “ageless ideals” and “fundamental principles”, and this requires - and I quote her words:
a special kind of courage which makes us stand up for everything we know is right, everything that is true and honest.
In this modern Elizabethan era, Her Majesty has led a gentle evolution of our monarchy.
From that first televised Christmas Day message – over 3 decades before cameras were allowed into this House – to the opening up of the Royal Palaces and inventing the Royal walkabout, she has brought the monarchy closer to the people while also retaining its dignity.
Her role as Supreme Governor of the Church of England has also been incredibly important to her.
She has often said that her life is inspired not only by her love of this great country but also by her faith in God.
As she said:
I know that the only way to live my life is to try to do what is right, to take the long view, to give of my best in all that the day brings, and to put my trust in God.
And in standing up for Christianity she has been clear that the Church of England has a duty to protect the free practice of all faiths in our country.
Mr Speaker, Her Majesty always performs her constitutional duty as Head of State impeccably.
But as Head of our Nation, she is held in even higher regard for the way she represents the United Kingdom.
It has rightly been said by some constitutional experts that Her Majesty the Queen is the only person born in the United Kingdom who is neither English, Scottish, Welsh nor Northern Irish.
She is all and none of these things and can represent all the nations of the United Kingdom on an equal basis in a way that no President ever could.
She has also constantly represented the nation to itself when abroad.
Foreign leaders from President Truman to Nelson Mandela and Ronald Reagan have all testified to her extraordinary ability both to represent this country and understand the world.
On her hugely important and healing State visit to Ireland in 2011, Her Majesty began her remarks in Irish and spoke about the history of the troubled relationship between the UK and Ireland.
She did so with a kindness as well as an authority that went far beyond anything that would be possible for an elected politician.
As a diplomat and ambassador for the United Kingdom she has represented our country on 266 official visits to 116 different countries.
And as I saw again at the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in Malta last year, she has made an extraordinary contribution to the future of our Commonwealth, growing it from 8 Members in 1952 to 53 today.
In doing so, she has helped to build a unique family of nations that spans every continent, all the main religions, a quarter of the members of the United Nations and nearly a third of the world’s population.
The reach of Her Majesty’s diplomacy is without parallel.
So much so that as a result of a visit to Balmoral, she can claim to be the only woman ever to have driven the King of Saudi Arabia around in a car!
I have that story sourced from both of the participants!
Through it all, Her Majesty has carried herself with the most extraordinary grace and humility.
When people meet the Queen they talk about it for the rest of their lives.
She understands that and she shows a genuine interest in all she meets.
They can really see that she cares.
As the constitutional historian Vernon Bogdanor has said, Her Majesty understands what might be called the soul of the British people.
Mr Speaker, Her Majesty has done so much throughout her life that when it comes to her 90th birthday, there cannot be much that is new for her to try.
But I am pleased to hear that she will be sampling the orange drizzle birthday cake baked by the winner of the Great British Bake-off, Nadiya Hussain.
And as she lights the first in a chain of a thousand beacons, she will be joined, as ever, by her family – including her son the Prince of Wales and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh who has stood by her side throughout her extraordinary reign.
They have both served this country with an unshakeable sense of duty.
And their work – including the Duke of Edinburgh’s award scheme and The Prince’s Trust – has inspired millions of people around the world.
As we see in those delightful birthday portraits released this week, family has always been at the heart of Her Majesty’s long life.
Mr Speaker, we are uniquely blessed in our country.
Her Majesty’s service is extraordinary and it is a joy for us all to celebrate, cherish and honour it.
In June the whole country will share in this special milestone, with a service of thanksgiving in St Paul’s Cathedral and a wonderful Royal street party.
But for today, I know the whole House and the whole country will want to join with me in wishing Her Majesty the Queen health, happiness and above all a very special 90th birthday.
— UK Prime Minister (@Number10gov) April 21, 2016
The whole country will want to wish the Queen well today. She has been a rock of strength to our nation https://t.co/1QNlHRBHZo
— David Cameron (@David_Cameron) April 21, 2016
— BritishMonarchy (@BritishMonarchy) April 21, 2016
— BritishMonarchy (@BritishMonarchy) April 21, 2016