Ukraine: Pro-Russian separatists in Ukraine named a leader of a breakaway republic on Monday after weekend elections which was denounced by Kiev and the West and further deepened a standoff with Russia over the future of the former Soviet state.
Organisers of the vote said that Alexander Zakharchenko, a 38-year-old former mining electrician, had easily won election as head of the "Donetsk People`s Republic", an entity proclaimed by armed rebels in the days after they seized key buildings in cities of Ukraine`s Russian-speaking east last April.
A rebel representative said Igor Plotnisky had won a majority in a similar election in Luhansk, a smaller self-proclaimed pro-Russian entity further east.
The rogue votes, which Kiev says Russia encouraged, could create a new "frozen conflict" in post-Soviet Europe and further threaten the territorial unity of Ukraine, which lost control of its Crimean peninsula in March when it was annexed by Russia.
Kiev and the West will now be looking to see if Russian President Vladimir Putin will formally recognise the validity of the vote, despite their entreaties to him not to do so.
A Russian deputy foreign minister, Grigory Karasin, made no mention of formal recognition but said the newly elected leadership in eastern Ukraine now had a mandate to negotiate with Kiev.
Up to now, Kiev`s leaders have refused to hold direct talks with the separatists, whom they refer to as "terrorists" and "bandits".
If Moscow were to recognise the votes, it would narrow options too for Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.
He has ruled out trying to take back the region by force after big battlefield losses in August. But after a parliamentary election on Oct. 26, he is now supported by a pro-Western power structure, determined to stop the break-up of Ukraine, and he could come under pressure to take a firmer line.
Putin's first word?
Putin`s first word on the weekend election could come on Tuesday when he is due to appear at a Red Square ceremony in Moscow marking National Unity day.
"The central election commission deems Alexander Zakharchenko to be the elected head of the Donetsk People`s Republic," an election official, Roman Lyagin, told journalists in Donetsk, the separatists` stronghold. Numbers of ballots cast for him appeared to show he had won 79 percent of the vote.
"Plotnitsky got the majority of the votes in the Luhansk People`s Republic elections," a spokesman said.
The elections were the latest twist in a geopolitical crisis that began with the popular overthrow of Ukraine`s Moscow-backed leader, Viktor Yanukovich last February.
Russia denounced Yanukovich`s ousting as a coup by a "fascist junta" and the following month annexed Crimea and subsequently backed the separatist rebellions that sprang up in the east.
Kiev says that only direct intervention by Russian troops stopped Ukrainian government forces routing the separatists, though Russia, despite what the West says is incontrovertible proof, denies sending troops across the border.
More than 4,000 people have been killed in the conflict, which has led to U.S. and European Union sanctions against Russia.
Kiev and Western governments, including the United States, say the election violated a bedrock agreement reached on Sept. 5 in the Belarussian capital, Minsk, which was also been signed by Russia.
Kiev says this provided for elections to be held under Ukrainian law which would appoint purely local officials. The rebels` vote to elect leaders and institutions in a breakaway territory violated the agreement, it says.
Speaking on Sunday, Poroshenko reiterated Kiev`s view and denounced the ballot as a "farce (conducted) under the barrels of tanks and machine guns".
Chancellor Angela Merkel`s spokesman said on Monday Germany found it incomprehensible that "official Russian voices" were talking of recognising the election in eastern Ukraine.
Current developments in east Ukraine ruled out any premature lifting of EU economic sanctions against Russia and if the situation worsened, further sanctions may be necessary, spokesman Steffen Seibert said.
Italy does not recognise the voting, Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said, adding: "There is no alternative to a political solution to the crisis."
A September 5 ceasefire has brought an end to full-scale clashes between government forces and the Russian-backed separatists, though sporadic shelling particularly in the airport area of Donetsk, continues to exert pressure on the truce.
Though the city was generally quiet early on Monday, artillery fire from the direction of the airport began to pick up later in the day.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said that one of its four drones which are operating on observation missions in the south-east had been fired on by separatists using an anti-aircraft gun near the port of Mariupol on Sunday. It was not hit and returned to base intact.
The OSCE also said the GPS system of a second drone was electronically jammed by separatists operating from the ground in roughly the same area near Mariupol.
Zakharchenko, the current rebel prime minister whose campaign advertisements are plastered across Donetsk, was always certain to win the vote in his region.
In electioneering, he has compared the Donbass region`s coal deposits to the oil reserves in the United Arab Emirates and has promised pensioners a stipend that will allow them to go on safari in Australia.
His and Plotnitsky`s election though will mean little by way of change for the region, which is increasingly dependent on Russia for support financially and politically as it faces a humanitarian crisis which will only worsen in winter.
"He (Zakharchenko) doesn`t eat, he doesn`t sleep. He works only for us 150 percent of the time," said Lyudmila Kovalenko, who works at a school and is an ardent supporter. She said the rebel leadership had fixed the windows of the school after it was hit by a mortar.
But Natasha, 28, a nurse, said: "I didn’t vote in the elections. They mean nothing to me, they only mean more people with guns and more chaos. Since they’ve taken over, our Donbass has produced only idiots."
"I don’t want to give you my last name because this is like the 1930s, like Stalin’s purges, people are afraid to speak their mind," she said.