US Congress approves defence bill, sends to President

Pentagon is authorised to spend nearly $160 bn on wars in Iraq, Afghanistan.

Washington: US Congress gave final approval on Wednesday to legislation that authorises the Pentagon to spend nearly USD 160 billion on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan this budget year without major restrictions on the conduct of operations.

The bill passed the House and Senate on voice votes after Democrats agreed to strip several provisions, including one that would have allowed gays to serve openly in the military.

"The controversial aspects of this legislation have been removed," said Senator John McCain of Arizona, the top Republican on the Armed Services Committee.

The provision that would have overturned the military`s "don`t ask, don`t tell" policy was approved as a standalone bill and President Barack Obama signed it into law on Wednesday.

The House, which approved the bill last Friday, had to consider it again as the Senate cut out a provision on payments to World War II claims to residents and survivors in Guam.

The Democratic delegate from Guam, Madeleine Bordallo, said the Senate eliminated the payments because some senators objected to the cost. She said elimination of the money could adversely affect US plans for a military buildup on the island.

Congress considers the defence authorisation bill to be its primary chance to sway Pentagon policy. While it does not transfer money into Defence Department coffers, it does serve as a blueprint for the defence appropriations bill by authorising spending levels.

This year`s bill agreed to USD 725 billion in defence programs, including USD 158.7 billion for overseas combat.

Among its numerous provisions is a 1.4 percent pay raise for troops and a guarantee that children of service members can stay covered under the military`s TRICARE health care program until they are 26 years of age.

The bill also would continue restrictions on the Defence Department`s ability to close Guantanamo Bay, including prohibiting the transfer of detainees to the US.

This year`s bill is mostly noteworthy for its broad bipartisan support during wartime. On Thursday, a White House review of war progress in Afghanistan suggested that tough combat would continue for years and that troop withdrawals in 2011 would probably be small.

Unlike during the height of the Iraq War when anti-war Democrats tried to use the legislation to force troops home, the House passed the defence bill Friday with almost no debate on Afghanistan.

Other provisions in the bill include:

  • Up to USD 75 million to train and equip Yemeni counterterrorism forces;
  • USD 205 million for a program with Israel to develop its "Iron Dome" defence system;
  • USD 11.6 billion for the development of the Afghan security forces, and USD 1.5 billion for Iraqi security forces.

    In a related development, Senator Maria Cantwell, D-Wash, who represents many Boeing Co employees, secured an agreement from Senator Carl Levin, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, to hold a hearing on a mix-up in the competition for a new Air Force tanker.

    Levin, D-Mich, made a commitment for a January hearing. The Air Force mistakenly gave rival companies sensitive information that contained each other`s confidential bids in the long-standing, multibillion-dollar competition between Boeing and the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company, parent of Airbus.

    In a statement late Wednesday, Boeing spokesman Daniel C Beck said the company was prepared to answer any questions regarding the release of its proprietary information.

    Beck said the company remained "concerned about the implications of the release of our proprietary information and we feel some unresolved questions remain. Until we`re satisfied we have a complete picture, we`re keeping our options open for how we go forward."

    Bureau Report

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