US has 5,113 nuke warheads: Pentagon

The US has a total of 5,113 nuclear warheads in its stockpile as of September 30, 2009.

Updated: May 04, 2010, 09:01 AM IST

Washington: The United States has a total of
5,113 nuclear warheads in its stockpile as of September 30,
2009, the Pentagon has revealed, following which Congressmen
sought similar move from India, Pakistan, China and Russia.

The newly declassified information was released as part
of America`s effort to increase the transparency of global
nuclear stockpiles -- a step which it thinks is important to
nonproliferation efforts.

"This number represents an 84 per cent reduction from the
stockpile`s maximum (31,255) at the end of fiscal year 1967,
and over a 75 per cent reduction from its level (22,217) when
the Berlin Wall fell in late 1989," the Pentagon said in a
fact sheet released yesterday.

A total of 8,748 nuclear warheads were dismantled during
the period between 1994 and 2009.

Several thousand additional nuclear weapons were
currently retired and awaiting dismantlement, it said, adding
the number of non-strategic nuclear weapons declined by
approximately 90 per cent from September 30, 1991-2009.

"This is not the first time that data on the nuclear
stockpile have been released. The total size of the stockpile
had been previously disclosed. That went through 1961, so
we`re updating it to 2009," a senior Pentagon official told

"The numbers of weapons dismantled had previously been
released. That went through early part of 1994, and again we
are updating it in that case," he added.

The official, however, said that the figure does not
include the weapons that were currently retired and awaiting

This includes warheads, which include both active and
inactive, in the stockpile. "It includes all the deployed
warheads, and it includes a number of non deployed warheads."

Welcoming the move of the United States to reveal its
nuclear stockpile, Congressmen demanded that other nuclear
powers including India, Pakistan, China and Russia do the

"This announcement demonstrates good faith in reducing
the number of US nuclear weapons and provides momentum to
encourage other countries, including Russia, China, India and
Pakistan, to provide more information about their arsenals,"
House Armed Services Strategic Forces Subcommittee Chairman
Jim Langevin said.

"The Obama Administration has demonstrated such
leadership in negotiating the new START treaty, pressing the
world to secure all vulnerable weapons - usable nuclear
materials in four years, and now through its efforts at the
NPT review conference," Senator John Kerry, Chairman of the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said.

Earlier, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton addressing
the NPT Review Conference said the move is aimed at promoting
transparency in the nuclear disarmament regime and encouraging
other nations to comply with it.

"For those who doubt that the United States will do its
part on disarmament, this is our record, these are our
commitments and they send a clear unmistakable signal," she