Washington: Americans living in predominantly wealthy, white neighbourhoods account for nearly all the sizable campaign contributions in this year`s presidential election, according to an analysis, even as the presidential candidates have aggressively courted Hispanics. Latino voters are widely viewed as pivotal for victories in some battleground states Tuesday.
The disparity in donating particularly affects Latinos. About 16 per cent of the US population is Hispanic, but not even 4 per cent of the more than USD 1.3 billion in 3 million-plus itemised contributions came from mostly Hispanic neighbourhoods this year, the Associated Press analysis showed. More than 90 per cent came from majority white neighbourhoods.
Hispanics, by at least this important measure of contributing to a candidate whose views they support, are remarkably disengaged in the election yet represent a significant ethnic group for President Barack Obama and Republican Mitt Romney.
"The hardest part is the economic sacrifice," said Roland Garcia, director of the Texas Future Fund, who helped raise money for Obama. "Latino families are busy trying to make ends meet."
Even among the poorest neighbourhoods, non-Hispanics contributed far more regularly to the campaigns and the political groups that supported them. The trend similarly holds true for campaign contributions from mostly black, Asian or Native American neighbourhoods.
Hispanics, the largest minority bloc, are emerging as a constituency that could determine the presidency, especially in Colorado, Florida, Nevada, North Carolina and Virginia. Obama and Romney have heavily courted the Latino vote and devoted time to discuss immigration policy at the town-hall presidential debate in October.
A hotel manager in Laredo, Texas, Raul Perales, said he gave USD 5,000 to Romney after a lunch with the former Massachusetts governor in San Antonio. Other donors he knows won`t stretch their finances for any politician.
"It doesn`t suit anyone to give more than they can afford," he said. "That would be nonsense."
The AP analysis did not consider the sources of contributions of USD 200 or less per person because, under federal law, political groups are not required to disclose any identifying information about such donors, even their names. About 65 per cent of donors supporting Obama gave more than USD 200, compared with 85 per cent for Romney.
These donors, including "bundlers" who raise hundreds of thousands of dollars, are most likely to receive invitations to lavish donor parties, state dinners at the White House or policy briefings with senior advisers.