US to deploy 60% of Navy fleet to Pacific by 2020
The boost in ship presence could increase tensions with China, where leaders are unhappy with any larger US presence in Asia-Pacific region.
Singapore: In a bid to increase US presence in Asia, the Pentagon will shift more Navy warships to the Asia-Pacific region over the next several years, Defence Secretary Leon Panetta said on Saturday.
As per the US’ new strategy, Panetta said by 2020, about 60 percent of the fleet will be assigned to the Asia-Pacific region.
Speaking at the annual Shangri-La Dialogue conference in Singapore, Panetta though noted that it may take years to complete the transition, yet assured that US budget problems and cutbacks would not get in the way of changes. He said the Defence Department has money in the five-year budget plan to meet those goals.
He also provided some of the first real details of the Pentagon`s impending pivot to the Pacific.
"It will take years for these concepts, and many of the investments that I just detailed, but we are making those investments in order that they be fully realised," Panetta said in a speech opening the conference. "Make no mistake, in a steady, deliberate and sustainable way, the United States military is rebalancing and is bringing an enhanced capability development to this vital region."
His promises, however, are likely to be met with scepticism from some nations that are aware of the coming budget cuts and have watched the US send the bulk of its military might to Iraq and Afghanistan over the past decade. The boost in ship presence could increase tensions with China, where leaders have said they are unhappy with any larger US presence in the Asia-Pacific region.
A key area of dispute is the South China Sea, which China claims almost entirely as its own. But Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines also have territorial claims there. The US has pressed for a diplomatic solution to the disagreements but has also made it clear that freedom of navigation is critical in the region.
Overall, however, Panetta tamped down his criticism of China, choosing instead to issue broad warnings about the use of force in the South China Sea to block access. He praised China and Taiwan for working to improve their relationship across the Taiwan Strait.
He said he is looking forward to visiting China later this year, adding that he wants to see the US and China deepen their military ties, including on counterdrug programs and humanitarian aid.
Panetta acknowledged that some see the increased presence of the US in the region as a direct challenge to China. But he rejected that view, saying that a greater US presence in the Asia-Pacific will benefit China and improve regional security.
The increased US naval presence in the Pacific will allow the US to boost the number and size of the military exercises in the region in the next few years and to plan for more port visits over a wider area, including the Indian Ocean. Last year, the US military participated in 172 exercises in the region involving 24 counties.
Currently, the Navy has about 285 ships, with roughly half assigned to each coast, but that total may decline a bit as some ships are retired in the coming years and may not be replaced.
The current fleet includes 11 aircraft carriers, with six assigned to the Pacific. But those numbers are slated to go down later this year, dipping to 10 carriers, with five assigned to Pacific ports in San Diego, Washington state and Japan.
Panetta, however, said he intends to go back to having six carriers in the Pacific in the coming years. And he said the Pacific will also eventually host a majority of the Navy`s cruisers, destroyers, submarines and littoral combat ships, which operate in close to shore.
Numbers, however, aren`t everything. So Panetta assured the conference that the region will also get ships that have greater technological capabilities. He did not elaborate on what those might be, but he noted that the US expects to deploy more enhanced and high-tech submarines and fighter aircraft, along with new electronic warfare and communications systems.
Panetta is on a nine-day trip across Asia, with planned stops in Vietnam and India.
(With Agency inputs)