In a historic verdict on August 24, a nine-bench judge of the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that individual privacy is a fundamental right. The top court overruled it's own 55-year-old judgements of 1962 and 1954, stating said privacy was "protected as an intrinsic part of Article 21 that protects life and liberty". It, however, deferred the statement on Aadhaar for a later date, stating that the ruling will have a huge implication on national issues.
In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court on August 22 banned `Triple Talaq`, a form of oral divorce among the Muslims. Three out of five-judge bench declared triple talaq 'arbitary' and 'unconstitutional' and asked the Parliament to bring in a new law to govern the issue. Bill on Triple Talaq is expected to be tabled in the Winter Session of Parliament. Several Muslim clerics and leaders, including MIM chief Asaduddin Owaisi, have strongly opposed the proposed legislation.
In another historic judgement, the Supreme Court on October 11 ruled that sex with wife, aged between 15 and 18 years, considered as rape and a punishable offence under the Indian Penal Code. The top court further asked the Centre and the states to take steps to prohibit child marriage across the country.
A Special CBI court on December 21 acquitted all accused the 2G spectrum cases, including former telecom minister A Raja, DMK lawmaker Kanimozhi and several others. While delivering the verdict, special CBI court judge OP Saini said that the CBI failed to produce concrete evidence against all accused. The agency had claimed licence allocations of 2G spectrum in 2007-08 had caused a loss of Rs 1.76 lakh crore, based on Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) report.
The Allahabad High Court on October 12 cleared Nupur and Rajesh Talwar of all charges in the 2008 double murder case of their daughter Aarushi Talwar and domestic help Hemraj. While overruling the trial court's judgement, the court chastised the judge for taking evidence for granted and telling a "different story".
Upholding the death sentences of four men convicted for 2012 gang-rape of paramedic student in Delhi, the Supreme Court called the incidents of December 16, 2011, a "rarest of rare" crime that sparked nationwide outrage over violence against women in the country. Six people, including a juvenile, had brutally assaulted the 23-year-old paramedic in a moving bus in South Delhi. Apart from the four convicts - Mukesh, Pawan, Vinay Sharma and Akshay Kumar Singh (in picture above) - the fifth accused, Ram Singh, committed suicide in jail. The sixth juvenile accused was released after completing mandatory probation period in a remand home.
In an effort to check air pollution, the Supreme Court slapped a temporary ban on sale and storage of firecrackers ahead of Diwali 2017. Toddler Arjun Gopal had petitioned the top court's last year ruling that suspended all licences which "permit sale of fireworks, wholesale and retail within the territory of NCR".