NASA telescope detects gamma-rays from microquasar

NASA telescope detects gamma-rays from microquasar Port of Spain: Ahead of the Copenhagen Summit on climate change, India today said the meeting should make all efforts to come out with a "legally binding substantive" outcome on tackling the pressing global challenge and disapproved of any attempt to give up and defer a decision as is being mulled by some developed countries.

Prime Minister's Special Envoy on Climate Change Shyam Saran said here that even if no consensus is reached at Copenhagen next month, efforts should continue with an aim of concluding within time-bound manner the negotiations as mandated by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The issue of climate change is going to dominate the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) here which is being attended by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

The 53-nation grouping of former British colonies, which include developed, developing and under-developed countries, is expected to come out with a communique pressing for early decision on tackling the problem of climate change.

The CHOGM, also to be attended by UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and French President Nicolas Sarkozy, can send out a message for the Copenhagen meet, with an objective of influencing the negotiators to reach a decision.

Talking about the urgency, Saran said countries like Maldives even faced the threat of extinction if temperature witnesses an increase. He expected the Least Developed Countries of Commonwealth to make a stronger pitch for urgent action.

"There is a greater sense of urgency. If the Copenhagen meeting does not complete the full process, it should at least start dealing with the process," Saran said.

There should be no attempt to pre-empt the December 7-18 Copenhagen meet as 192 countries are involved in it and consensus would be required, he told reporters here.

He said even if it is not possible to achieve a legally binding declaration at Copenhagen because of some 5-10 countries, some consensus should be arrived at.

Disfavouring any attempt to "give up" as is being done by the US and some other developed nations citing shortage of time, Saran said there is still time for the high-level segment of Copenhagen meet beginning on December 16, and efforts should be made to push the negotiations for an outcome mandated by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Bali action plan. "The effort should be to see how far we can go."

If the Copenhagen meet fails to arrive at legally binding outcome it should pave the way for such results in the next six months or so, he said, adding negotiations cannot be open-ended.

On China's decision to slow down carbon emissions by up to 40 per cent by 2020, Saran explained that it did not amount to cutting down emissions.

He said India need not follow what China has decided as he noted that India already has ambitious action plans to shift dependability from carbon-based fuels to renewable energy sources, like nuclear, solar and wind energy.