BRIC for more inclusive and transparent climate talks

BRIC for more inclusive and transparent climate talks Brasilia: The BRIC countries Friday pitched for "more inclusive and transparent" climate talks in Mexico later this year to achieve a "comprehensive, balanced and binding" deal to tackle global warming.

The BRIC countries -- Brazil, Russia, India and China, at their summit meeting here, declared their commitment to promote the 16th Conference of Parties at Mexico in early December.

A joint statement issued after the summit meeting said that the leaders would promote the talks so as to achieve a "comprehensive, balanced and binding result to strengthen the implementation" of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.

"We believe that the Convention and the Protocol provide the framework for international negotiations on climate change.

"The negotiations in Mexico should be more inclusive, transparent, and should result in outcomes that are fair and effective in addressing the challenge of climate change, while reflecting the principles of the Convention, especially the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities," the statement said.

Addressing the Summit, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said the BRIC approach to the Cancun Conference, to be held in Mexico in December, should be anchored within the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and the Bali Roadmap.

"Technology will be a key element in our strategy to meet the challenge of climate change. Each of us has our own strengths in climate-friendly technologies."

"If we pool our best scientific and technological resources, BRIC nations can set a fine example in promoting collaborative development, deployment and dissemination of clean energy and renewable technologies," he said.

The Prime Minister's comments come close-on-heels of the developed countries threatening to cut vital aid to the developing nations if they do not back the deal agreed at the UN climate summit in Copenhagen.

It has also reflected the rich nations' reluctance to keep their promises of providing financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing countries to help them counter climate change.

India along with other developing nations have argued that developed countries should create a global mechanism whereby existing technologies that can make a significant change in meeting challenges be diffused as rapidly and widely as possible.

At the 194-nation summit in Copenhagen, India along with three other countries Brazil, South Africa and China brokered a non-binding agreement with the US which is now "endorsed" by more than 112 countries.

They include 14 African countries that depend on aid from the EU, UK and France.

The BRIC countries said they would aim to develop cleaner, more affordable and sustainable energy systems, to promote access to energy and energy efficient technologies and practices in all sectors.

"We will aim to diversify our energy mix by increasing, where appropriate, the contribution of renewable energy sources, and will encourage the cleaner, more efficient use of fossil fuels and other fuels," the statement said.

In this regard, the BRIC group reiterated their support to the international cooperation in the field of energy efficiency.

The BRIC nations said they recognised the potential of new, emerging, and environmentally friendly technologies for diversifying energy mix and the creation of jobs.

"In this regard we will encourage, as appropriate, the sustainable development, production and use of bio-fuels.

"In accordance with national priorities, we will work together to facilitate the use of renewable energy, through international cooperation and the sharing of experiences on renewable energy, including biofuels technologies and policies," the BRIC statement said.