BRIC for more inclusive and transparent climate talks
Brasilia: The BRIC countries Friday pitched
for "more inclusive and transparent" climate talks in Mexico
later this year to achieve a "comprehensive, balanced and
binding" deal to tackle global warming.
The BRIC countries -- Brazil, Russia, India and China, at
their summit meeting here, declared their commitment to
promote the 16th Conference of Parties at Mexico in early
A joint statement issued after the summit meeting said
that the leaders would promote the talks so as to achieve a
"comprehensive, balanced and binding result to strengthen the
implementation" of the UN Framework Convention on Climate
Change and the Kyoto Protocol.
"We believe that the Convention and the Protocol provide
the framework for international negotiations on climate
"The negotiations in Mexico should be more inclusive,
transparent, and should result in outcomes that are fair and
effective in addressing the challenge of climate change, while
reflecting the principles of the Convention, especially the
principle of equity and common but differentiated
responsibilities," the statement said.
Addressing the Summit, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said
the BRIC approach to the Cancun Conference, to be held in
Mexico in December, should be anchored within the UNFCCC, the
Kyoto Protocol and the Bali Roadmap.
"Technology will be a key element in our strategy to meet
the challenge of climate change. Each of us has our own
strengths in climate-friendly technologies."
"If we pool our best scientific and technological
resources, BRIC nations can set a fine example in promoting
collaborative development, deployment and dissemination of
clean energy and renewable technologies," he said.
The Prime Minister's comments come close-on-heels of the
developed countries threatening to cut vital aid to the
developing nations if they do not back the deal agreed at the
UN climate summit in Copenhagen.
It has also reflected the rich nations' reluctance to
keep their promises of providing financial, technological and
capacity-building support to developing countries to help them
counter climate change.
India along with other developing nations have argued
that developed countries should create a global mechanism
whereby existing technologies that can make a significant
change in meeting challenges be diffused as rapidly and widely
At the 194-nation summit in Copenhagen, India along with
three other countries Brazil, South Africa and China brokered
a non-binding agreement with the US which is now "endorsed" by
more than 112 countries.
They include 14 African countries that depend on aid from
the EU, UK and France.
The BRIC countries said they would aim to develop
cleaner, more affordable and sustainable energy systems, to
promote access to energy and energy efficient technologies and
practices in all sectors.
"We will aim to diversify our energy mix by increasing,
where appropriate, the contribution of renewable energy
sources, and will encourage the cleaner, more efficient use of
fossil fuels and other fuels," the statement said.
In this regard, the BRIC group reiterated their support
to the international cooperation in the field of energy
The BRIC nations said they recognised the potential of
new, emerging, and environmentally friendly technologies for
diversifying energy mix and the creation of jobs.
"In this regard we will encourage, as appropriate, the
sustainable development, production and use of bio-fuels.
"In accordance with national priorities, we will work
together to facilitate the use of renewable energy, through
international cooperation and the sharing of experiences on
renewable energy, including biofuels technologies and
policies," the BRIC statement said.