US lawmakers unveil Iran sanctions bill
Washington: Top US lawmakers crafting Iran sanctions legislation announced Monday they had reached a deal on a series of punitive measures aimed at piling pressure on Tehran over its suspect nuclear program.
Senate Banking Committee Chairman Chris Dodd and House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard Berman said they were circulating their draft bill to colleagues, and sources said the US Congress could approve the measure as early as this week.
Berman and Dodd said their blueprint, which aims to tighten existing US sanctions on the Islamic republic, would give President Barack Obama "a full range of tools to deal with the threats posed by Iran."
"If applied forcefully by the president, this act will bring strong new pressure to bear on Tehran in order to combat its proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, support for international terrorism and gross human rights abuses," they said in a joint statement.
The legislation targets firms that provide Iran with refined petroleum products -- like gasoline or jet fuel. The oil-rich country relies heavily on imports because of a lack of domestic refining capability.
It could also see non-US banks doing business with certain blacklisted Iranian entities -- including Iran's elite Revolutionary Guards and several banks -- shut out of the US financial system, according to a summary.
"In effect, the act would present foreign banks doing business with blacklisted Iranian entities a stark choice: Cease your activities or be denied critical access to America's financial system," the summary said.
White House spokesman Robert Gibbs said "we appreciate that House and Senate leaders have come together with a strong bill that builds upon the recently passed UN Security Council Resolution, grants the President new authority, and strengthens a multilateral strategy to isolate and pressure Iran.
"We will continue to work with the Congress over the coming days as it finalizes work on this important bill, and in our ongoing efforts to hold Iran accountable," Gibbs said.
The measure must first be approved by a House-Senate "conference," then separately by each chamber before Obama can sign it into law. The compromise bill emerged after the UN Security Council imposed a fourth set of sanctions June 9 in response to Iran's refusal to freeze its uranium enrichment -- which can be a key step toward building a nuclear bomb.
Last week, the European Union imposed new sanctions of its own on Tehran, which denies Western charges that it seeks an atomic arsenal. The EU measures targeted energy-sector investments, as well as the transportation, banking and insurance sectors, and slapped new visa bans and asset freezes on the Guards.
Australia also acted against Iran, imposing sanctions on Bank Mellat, a major financier of Iranian missile and nuclear programs, as well as a major Iranian shipping line and a "key leader" of the Guards, General Rostam Qasemi.
And the US Treasury Department also tightened the screws on Iran, targeting insurance and oil firms and shipping lines linked to Iran's atomic or missile programs as well as the Guards and Iran's defense minister Ahmad Vahidi, freezing assets and forbidding US firms from doing business with them.
The new US legislation would also aim to hold US banks -- long barred from doing business with Iran -- accountable for actions by their overseas subsidiaries.
The bill would target non-US firms that sell goods, services or know-how to Iran that help the Islamic republic develop its energy sector, including insurance, financing and shipping companies.
It would also forbid US banks from financial transactions with non-US banks that do business with the Guards, help Iran's nuclear program or its support for extremist groups.
The measure would also target the finances of alleged Iranian human rights abusers and impose travel restrictions on those officials. And it would deny US government contracts to any non-US company that sells or provides Iran with "technology used to restrict the free flow of information or to disrupt, monitor, or otherwise restrict freedom of speech."
The bill would also enable US states and local governments to divest from foreign firms engaged in Iran's energy sector, and would tighten the existing US trade embargo on Iranian goods by curbing the number of exempted products.
The draft also aims to reduce the president's ability to waive sanctions on specific individuals, companies or countries.