Cancun climate summit: Pachauri asks Mexico to be realistic

Cancun climate summit: Pachauri asks Mexico to be realistic New Delhi: With hopes of a consensus eluding the Cancun climate meet, IPCC chairman R K Pachauri has urged host Mexico to be realistic and work hard in pushing rich nations to put climate funds on the table.

"There will be least expectations (of a consensus) this time (at Cancun). I doubt if you will get anything close to a global agreement. It is not possible particularly considering the situation in some countries," Pachauri said, apparently referring to delay of passage of US climate law.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has already acknowledged that the December meeting might not produce the definitive agreement the world body is seeking.

Pachauri said during his recent meeting with the Mexican leadership in the run-up to the crucial summit, he has cautioned them to be "realistic and don't pitch expectations very high because that will not really work."

Highlighting the need for an action on climate money, he told the host country "for heaven's sake please get the commitment on funding.

"So I think Mexico will have to work on some of these countries to see that they (developed nations) really put some money on the table," he said, noting that of the USD 30 billion agreed by the developed states between 2010-2012, no funds have been made available so far.

The head of the Noble-award winning Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), however, said he was looking forward for some limited agreements for concrete actions to control Green House Gases at the crucial meet slated to be held by the year-end.

Most countries at the Copenhagen Summit last year signed an accord that called on governments to limit the rise in global temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius, but without spelling out how to achieve this goal.

He made clear that at the multilateral level it was the responsibility of the developed nations to provide funds for mitigation and adaptation to climate change and not developing nations as has been demanded by some industrialised blocks.

"They (rich nations) have to take the first step but they are not doing that," he said, adding that at a bilateral level there was no harm in major developing countries like India pitching in to help the least developed nations.

"If it has money, I see no harm in India providing technical support to the needy countries at the bilateral level," he said.

Mexico yesterday ruled out possibilities of any new treaty at Cancun but hoped to adopt a set of "broad" decisions within the ambit of Kyoto Protocol towards tackling climate change threats.

Concurring with Mexican Foreign Minister Patricia Espinosa, who is also chairperson of the 16th Conference of the Parties (COP 16) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Pachauri said the agreements have be within the Kyoto Protocol.

"It should be within the Kyoto Protocol as it was arrived at after a great deal of mud and sweat. We can't just throw it aside," he said on the the rising demand from a host of developed nations to replace it with another treaty that mandates the major developing countries to take emission cuts.

Under the Koyto Protocol, industrialised nations are under obligations to take emission targets and provide climate funds to the developing nations for mitigation and adaption.

Espinosa, who was here yesterday to evolve consensus at the December meet, had said that based on the existing legal framework, rich nations would be providing support in terms of financing and transfer of technology.

She also said that as a host nation, one of Mexico's goals was to dispel the mistrust that has clouded climate diplomacy since the failure of last year's Copenhagen summit.

"We are working to assure a transparent, open, comprehensive, inclusive exercise where everybody's views and concerns are taken into account," she said.