Census rpt: Drastic fall in population growth
New Delhi: India's population rose to 1.21 billion people over the last 10 years--an increase by 181 million, according to the new census released Thursday, but significantly the growth is slower for the first time in nine decades.
The population, which accounts for world's 17.5 per
cent population, comprises 623.7 million males and 586.5
million females, said a provisional 2011 Census report. China
is the most populous nation accounting for 19.4 per cent of the
The country's headcount is almost equal to the combined
population of the United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan,
Bangladesh and Japan put together, it said.
The population has increased by more than 181 million
during the decade 2001-2011, the report said. The growth rate
in 2011 is 17.64 per cent in comparison to 21.15 per cent in
The 2001-2011 period is the first decade -- with
exception of 1911-1921 -- which has actually added lesser
population compared to the previous decade, Registrar General
of India and Census Commissioner of India C Chandramauli said
in presence of Home Secretary Gopal K Pillai.
Among the states and Union territories, Uttar Pradesh
is the most populous state with 199 million people and
Lakshadweep the least populated at 64,429.
The combined population of UP and Maharashtra is
bigger than that of the US.
The highest population density is in Delhi's
north-east district (37,346 per sq km) while the lowest is in
Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh (just one per sq km).
The Census indicated a continuing preference for male
children over female children. The latest child sex ratio in
is 914 female against 1,000 male--the lowest since