ISI had links with Rana, Headley: Prosecution
Chicago: Pakistan's Intelligence agency ISI
had links with Mumbai attack co-accused Tahawwur Hussain Rana
and David Headley, the prosecution submitted during the trial
of Rana that opened in the US on Monday.
During opening statements at Chicago's Dirksen Federal
Building, Assistant U.S. Attorney Sarah Streicker said that
Rana, a Pakistani-Canadian, told Headley, an American of
Pakistani origin, after the Mumbai carnage in which 166
persons were killed in November 2008 that the "Indians
Streicker said Rana provided cover for for his longtime
friend Headley who took photos and videos of targets in
Mumbai before the attacks and that Rana led Headley to pose as
a representative for his Chicago-based immigration businesses.
The trial of Rana is being closely watched worldwide for
what testimony might reveal about suspected links between the
Pakistan-based terror group Lashkar-e-Taiba(LeT) blamed in the
attacks and the country's powerful intelligence agency ISI,
which has been under scrutiny after Osama bin Laden was killed
by U.S. forces on May 2 outside Islamabad.
Rana(50) has pleaded not guilty but Headley(50) his old
friend from military school in Pakistan pleaded guilty. The
arguments in the trial are being heard by a 12-member jury.
Charlie Swift, Rana's lawyer, said Headley was Rana's
good friend and the Pakistani-Canadian was duped by him.
Rana did not know that his business was used for
cover, Swift said, adding Headley had a bad boy's image in
"The defendant didn't carry a gun or throw a grenade. In
a complicated and sophisticated plot, not every player carries
a weapon. People like the defendant who provide support are
just as critical to the success," Streicker said.
Rana's attorneys say their client was simply duped by
his longtime friend and didn't know what was in store.
Headley and Rana,who has lived in Chicago for years,
met at one of Pakistan's most prestigious military boarding
schools and stayed in touch as adults.
Swift told jurors that Headley was a "manipulative man"
who "balanced multiple lives" including working for
Laskhar-e-Taiba(LeT), Pakistani intelligence and the U.S. Drug
Enforcement Administration at the same time.
But Steicker said Rana knew what he was getting into.
She said Rana provided cover for Headley and led him to pose
as a representative for his Chicago-based immigration
"The defendant knew all too well that when Headley
travels to a foreign country, people may die," Streicker said.
Streicker said the government will show jurors evidence
including emails between Headley and Rana that were written in
code. She said Headley considered Rana "his best friend in the
Rana is the seventh name on the indictment, and the
only defendant in custody. Among the six others charged in
absentia is "Major Iqbal" and Sajid Mir, allegedly another LeT
supervisor who also "handled" Headley.
Headley, an operative of LeT, a co-accused in the
Mumbai trial case may spill the beans about his links with ISI
during the trial, media reports said.
The trial of Rana could reveal ISI's links to
terrorists and any evidence of spy agency's "malfeasance"
would worsen US-Pakistan relations, the New York Times
Headley, who himself is not on trial will be the main
witness against Rana, is set to recount his story of the
Mumbai attack during the trial, it said.
Headley, 50, Rana's old friend from military school in
Pakistan, claims that two years before terrorists struck
Mumbai, he began laying the groundwork for the attack,
financed by USD 25,000 from an officer in Pakistan's powerful
Headley had told Indian investigators that the
officer, known only as Major Iqbal, "listened to my entire
plan to attack India." Another officer with the intelligence
service, the ISI Directorate, "assured me of the financial
help," the Times said.
Pakistan has been dismissing Headley's accusations
against the ISI as little more than a desperate performance by
a man hoping to avoid the death penalty.
Rana, who was indicted by a federal grand jury under
12 counts on February 15 last year for planning the attacks,
providing material support to LeT to carry out the attacks and
guiding Headley in scouting targets in Mumbai in the process.
Arrested in Chicago over the Mumbai attacks, Rana had
claimed that he provided "material support" to 26/11
terrorists at the behest of Pakistani government and ISI.
If convicted, Rana faces a possible life sentence.
While Headley has pleaded guilty, Rana has not pleaded
In pre-trial motions, Rana's lawyers proposed
defending his actions by arguing that he believed Headley was
working on behalf of ISI, not terrorists.
Headley testified to a grand jury that he had told
Rana about "my meetings with Sajid and others in Lashkar" and
"how I had been asked to perform espionage work for ISI,"
court records show.
"I explained to him that the immigration office
would provide a cover story for why I was in Mumbai," Headley
said, according to court records.
Three of the suspected conspirators named in the
indictment are ISI officers, court records showed.
Headley -- who changed his name from Daood Gilani
so he could hide his Pakistani heritage -- joined LeT in 2002,
attending terrorist training camps five times over the next
He began working with an Al-Qaeda-linked group in
Pakistan called Harakat-ul-Jihad-Islami on the Danish plot
after LeT became distracted with the final planning for the
Mumbai attack, a plea agreement said.