No silver bullet to destroy al Qaeda: Panetta
Aboard a US military aircraft: The picture in Defence Secretary Leon Panetta's office captures the "mission accomplished" moment.
It shows Panetta, then the head of the CIA, and a group of US commandos and others in the CIA operations centre on the night of May 02 with their arms around each other — a quiet celebration just after US helicopters crossed back over the border into Afghanistan.
Not until then — 90 minutes after US special operations forces had lifted off from the heavily-fortified compound in Pakistan where they went in search of Osama bin Laden — was he sure they could breathe a sigh of relief.
"We got the job done," Panetta said on Friday as he recalled the long silences and the tense, heart-pounding moments before Admiral William McRaven's words finally came through loud and clear.
"Geronimo EKIA" — the code name for bin Laden, and the signal for "enemy killed in action”.
With the first anniversary of the al Qaeda leader's death approaching, Panetta spoke to reporters on his plane as he flew back from a series of meetings with defence leaders in South America. Perched on a table inside the Airstream trailer — dubbed the Silver Bullet — that serves as his office inside his C-17 transport plane, Panetta traced back through the nerve-wracking moments of that night.
And he talked about its impact over the past year.
"I don't think there's any question that America is safer as a result of the bin Laden operation," he said.
While al Qaeda and its offshoots remain a threat, he said, the military and intelligence communities have learned to work better together since September 11, 2001. Still, he acknowledged, there is no single, completely effective way to destroy the terror network.
"The way this works is that the more successful we are at taking down those who represent their spiritual, ideological leadership, the greater our ability to weaken their threat to this country," he said.
The story of the raid is well-known: The SEALs and special operations forces that flew deep into Pakistan; the wrenching moment when one of the helicopters went down in the heat, landing hard with its tail on the wall; the SEALs' assault on the house where they believed bin Laden and his wives had been living for several years; and what Panetta on Friday called the "fingernail-biting moments”.
"We knew that there were gunshots and firing, but after that we just didn't know," said Panetta, describing the nearly 20 minutes of silence after the SEALs went into the house.
Then came confusion. McRaven, commander of the operation, told him that he thought he'd picked up the word "Geronimo”.
"The way he said it was like, you know, 'We think’," said Panetta. "It wasn't ideal. We were still waiting."
A few minutes later came the KIA message. Then came the long flight out of Pakistan.
"By that time they had blown the helicopter that was down and we knew we had woken up all of Pakistan to the fact that something had happened," Panetta said with a laugh. "The concern was just exactly what were they thinking and how were they going to respond."
The moment they crossed the border, he said, was "the moment when we finally knew the mission had been accomplished”.
Then they could embrace the victory.
The raid created a deep fissure into the already rocky US-Pakistan relations. US officials, including members of Congress, were irate that the al Qaeda leader had been able to hide — virtually in plain sight — in a Pakistani military town. Some suggested there was at least some knowledge of his hiding place.
Pakistani leaders, meanwhile, were outraged that the US had launched a military mission deep within the country's borders without alerting them, violating their sovereignty. Islamabad's military commanders were embarrassed that the US was able to carry out the raid without being detected.
The bin Laden saga has continued in Pakistan. His three wives and their families were deported early Friday to Saudi Arabia. Officials have said that the wives and as many as eight children and some grandchildren were living in the compound when it was raided.
The anniversary has triggered security warnings for Americans in Pakistan. The US embassy said its employees would be restricted from restaurants and markets in Islamabad for the next two weeks. While there was no mention of bin Laden, the period includes the anniversary date.