Iraq: Fugitive VP sentenced to death; attacks kill 92
Baghdad: An Iraqi court on Sunday sentenced fugitive Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi and his aide to death in absentia over terror charges, official television reported.
Underscoring the instability, insurgents unleashed an onslaught of bombings and shootings across Iraq, killing at least 92 people in one of the deadliest days this year.
Capping a monthslong case against al-Hashemi, a longtime foe of Shi’ite Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, the court sentenced him to death by hanging on charges he masterminded death squads against rivals in a terror trial that has fuelled sectarian tensions in the country.
It's unlikely that the attacks in 13 cities were all timed to coincide with the afternoon verdict on the case. Still, taken together, the violence and verdict could energise Sunni insurgents bent on returning Iraq to the brink of civil war by targeting Shi’ites and undermining the government.
Al-Hashemi fled to Turkey in the months after the Shi’ite-led government accused him of playing a role in 150 bombings, assassinations and other attacks from 2005 to 2011 — years in which the country was mired in retaliatory sectarian violence that followed the 2003 US-led invasion that ousted Saddam Hussein's Sunni regime. Most of the attacks were allegedly carried out by al-Hashemi's bodyguards and other employees, and largely targeted government officials, security forces and Shi’ite pilgrims.
The vice president declined to immediately comment on the verdict after meeting with the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu in Ankara. He said he would "tackle this issue in a statement" in coming hours.
The politically-charged case — which was announced the day after US troops withdrew from the country last December — sparked a government crisis and fuelled Sunni Muslim and Kurdish resentment against al-Maliki, whom critics say is monopolising power.
Violence has ebbed significantly, but insurgents continue to stage high-profile bombings and shooting rampages. Al Qaeda's Iraq branch has promised a comeback in predominantly Sunni areas from which it was routed by the US and its local allies after sectarian fighting peaked in 2007.
The worst violence on Sunday struck the capital, where bombs pounded a half-dozen neighbourhoods — both Sunni and Shiite — throughout the day. But the deadliest attacks in Baghdad hit Shi’ite areas on Sunday evening, hours after the al-Hashemi verdict was announced. In all, 42 people were killed in the capital and 120 wounded, according to police and hospital officials who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to release the information.
The countrywide attacks began before dawn, with gunmen killing soldiers at an Army post in the central Iraqi city of Dujail. A few hours later, a car exploded in a lot where police recruits waiting in line to apply for jobs outside Kirkuk in the country's north. Both Dujail and Kirkuk are former insurgent strongholds.
Over the day, at least 92 people were killed and more than 360 wounded in at least 21 separate bombings and shootings, according to reports from police and hospital officials. No group immediately claimed responsibility, but Iraq's Interior Ministry blamed al Qaeda in Iraq.
"The attacks today on the markets and mosques are aimed at provoking sectarian and political tensions," the ministry said in a statement. "Our war against terrorism is continuing, and we are ready."
The courtroom at Baghdad's criminal court was silent on Sunday as the presiding judge read out the verdict. It convicted al-Hashemi and his son-in-law, Ahmed Qahtan, of organising the murders of a Shi’ite security official and a lawyer who had refused to help the vice president's allies in terror cases. The two defendants were acquitted in a third case of the killing of a security officer due to a lack of evidence.
The court sentenced both men in absentia to death by hanging. They have 30 days to appeal the verdict and could win a retrial if they return to Iraq to face the charges. Al-Hashemi — who has been in office since 2006 — is on Interpol's most-wanted list, but Turkey has shown no interest in sending the vice president back to Baghdad.
The defence team began its closing statement with a searing indictment of Iraq's justice system, accusing it of showing no independence and siding with the Shi’ite-led government.
"From the beginning and through all procedures it has become obvious that the Iraqi judicial system has been under political pressure," attorney Muayad Obeid al-Ezzi, the head of the defence team, told the court.
The presiding judge immediately interjected, warning that that the court would open legal proceedings against the defence team if it continued to heap accusations on the court or the legal system.
Reaction to the verdict was largely along sectarian lines on the streets of Baghdad.
A string of smaller attacks on Sunday also struck nine other cities. It was one of the worst outbreaks of violence in Iraq in 2012, although the single deadliest day was July 23, which saw at least 115 people killed — the most in more than two years.