Most research chimps should be retired: US panel
New York: Chimpanzees, who have served an important role in advancing human health in the past, will no longer be goaded, poked and examined in US research labs, as they may soon be offered retirement in leafy sanctuaries.
A majority of the chimps used for research by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), America's foremost medical research agency, should be retired, a government panel concluded this week.
The institute will no longer fund studies involving chimpanzees, as it prepares to revise its policies on using the primates.
Based on its deliberations in 2010, the Institute of medicine (IOM) committee had concluded that "while the chimpanzee has been a valuable animal model in past research, most current use of chimpanzees for biomedical research is unnecessary."
The report issued by a working group within the NIH's Council of Councils said a small population of 50 chimpanzees should be kept for future research, while planning should start immediately to put retired apes in sanctuaries, 'LiveScience' reported.
The panel had been tasked to advise the NIH on what to do with the agency's 360 chimpanzees that aren't retired and still live at research facilities after the IOM issued a report over a year ago concluding that most biomedical research on the primates was not necessary.
While recommending most research on chimps is phased out, the IOM report also put forth a new, narrower set of criteria for future research on chimpanzees.
It said the knowledge gained by the research must be necessary to advance public health; the research cannot ethically be done on a human being, or is not possible on another animal model; and the chimpanzees used in the research must be given appropriate places to live.
Officials at Chimp Haven, a sanctuary outside Shreveport, that's likely to take on many of the retirees, applauded the move.
"We look forward to working closely with the NIH to devise a strategy to retire these chimpanzees to Chimp Haven," Jennifer Whitaker, vice president of the organisation said in a statement.