Tibet's independence a myth: Chinese news agency
Beijing: It's easy to see what the "Tibet independence" myth is all about, China's state-run Xinhua news agency said, criticising commemorations of Tibet's "so called 100th Independence Day".
An opinion piece in Xinhua Monday said: "...some separatists are inciting commemorations of Tibet's so-called '100th Independence Day'."
Propaganda for the planned Feb 13 commemorations have appeared on websites of Students for a Free Tibet, a New York-based organization of exiled Tibetans advocating "Tibet's independence", "Tibetan Youth Congress" as well as Facebook.
"Such fanfare is just a farce in the present tense, and a slap in the face in retrospect of foreign aggression to China's modern history -- including that of Tibet," said the article.
The evidence cited by those advocating Tibet's independence was "the so-called 'Tibetan Proclamation of Independence', which they claimed to have been issued by the 13th Dalai Lama in 1913".
The news agency claimed that the document unveiled by Students for a Free Tibet last May was "sheer fabrication, way apart from the original document, which was an internal speech on Buddhism and published in the form of a letter in 1932".
Re-creation of the "independence proclamation" was "just a copy of Dutchman Michael Walt van Praag's 'misconception' in his 1987 publication, 'The Status of Tibet'." In this book, van Praag said Tibet gained independence in 1913, marked by the 13th Dalai Lama's signing of the document.
The Dutchman attributed this piece of information to Tsepon Wangchuk Deden Shakabpa, a former aristocrat and official of Old Tibet who published "Tibet, A Political History" in English in 1967.
In this book, Shakabpa, who was for Tibet's independence, said the 13th Dalai Lama described Tibet as a "small, religious and independent nation" in a 1913 declaration of Buddhism.
The opinion piece, however, said researchers on modern history and Tibetan studies claim the exact word the Dalai Lama used in this all-Tibetan declaration was "region" (bodljongs in Tibetan) instead of "nation" or "country" which translated into "rgylkhab" in Tibetan.
"Historical facts over the past centuries provide evidence against the 'Tibet independence' myth," it added.
The article went on to say that Tibet came under the direct rule of the Chinese central government during the Yuan Dynasty in the 13th century.
"...After the Republic of China was founded in 1911, it reaffirmed the central government's authority over Tibet in the republic's first constitution.
"The 13th Dalai Lama and the 9th Panchen Lama both sent representatives to the national leadership conference of the Republic of China in 1931. In 1940, the national government set up its Lhasa branch of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission."
The news agency said that the "Tibet independence" myth was just a fantasy that evolved during the late 19th century as a product of imperialist invasion -- particularly by the British invaders.
Representatives of Britain and China met in 1913-14 to negotiate a treaty marking out the boundary lines between India and its northern neighbours.
"But the Chinese government never recognized the Simla Convention, which attempted to grant China secular control over "Inner Tibet", while recognizing the autonomy of "Outer Tibet" under the Dalai Lama's rule.
"Behind the back of the Chinese delegates, the British created the notorious 'McMahon Line' in an under-the-table deal with Tibetan representative Xazha, which the Chinese government never accepted," said the opinion piece.
"The 'McMahon Line' was never accepted by the Chinese government. But foreign intervention continued until after Tibet's liberation in 1951."
It said: "Looking back on history, it's easy to see what the 'Tibet independence' myth is all about and who is behind the fantasy."