Hollow ice tubes in polar seas provide clues to origin of life
Washington: Scientists believe life on Earth may have originated not in warm tropical seas, but with weird tubes of ice - called 'brinicles' or ' sea stalactites' - that grow downward into cold seawater near the Earth's poles.
Bruno Escribano and colleagues explained that scientists know surprisingly little about brinicles, which are hollow tubes of ice that can grow to several yards in length around streamers of cold seawater under pack ice.
That's because brinicles are difficult to study. The scientists set out to gather more information on the topic with an analysis of the growth process of brinicles.
They are shown to be analogous to a "chemical garden," a standby demonstration in chemistry classes and children's chemistry sets, in which tubes grow upward from metal salts dropped into silicate solution. But brinicles grow downward from the bottom of the ice pack.
The analysis concluded that brinicles provide an environment that could well have fostered the emergence of life on Earth billions of years ago, and could have done so on other planets.
"Beyond Earth, the brinicle formation mechanism may be important in the context of planets and moons with ice-covered oceans," their reported stated, citing in particular two moons of Jupiter named Ganymede and Callisto.
Their article on these " brinicles" appeared in ACS' journal Langmuir.