Mohali: South African part-time spinner Dean Elgar turned out to be the unlikely hero as India squandered the advantage of winning the toss after being bundled out for a paltry 201 on an engrossing opening day of the first cricket Test here on Thursday.
The Indian spinners though pulled back things a little bit by getting the wickets of Stiaan van Zyl (5) and Faf du Plessis (0) early at the I S Bindra stadium.
Replying to what seems like a below-par first innings score largely built around Murali Vijay's 75, the Proteas were 28 for two in 20 overs at stumps with Elgar (13 batting) and skipper Hashim Amla (9 batting) at the crease on a day which saw as many as 12 wickets fall on a track which giving assistance to the spinners.
India's premier off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin, who opened the bowling attack, got Zyl trapped LBW, while Jadeja cleaned up du Plessis in his very first over.
But it was left-arm spinner Elgar's impressive figures of 4-22 that spun a web against an Indian line-up that failed to show application in mostly overcast conditions on a slow and low wicket.
Electing to bat, India lost Shikhar Dhawan without a run on board but Vijay and Cheteshwar Pujara (31) steadied the boat with a 63-run stand only to see the bowlers strike back.
Ashwin (20 not out) and Jadeja's (38) valuable 42-run eight-wicket partnership was also responsible for taking the score past the 200-run mark.
Vernon Philander (2-38) drew first blood with a moving delivery which Dhawan slashed, managed an edge, and the ball flew into the waiting hands of skipper Hashim Amla at first slip. Dhawan would have been disappointed with his blob on a ground where he scored his debut hundred in 2013, a fantastic 187 against Australia.
Pace spearhead Dale Steyn (0-30) kept up the pressure from other end as the batsmen found hard to score freely even as Pujara and Vijay squeezed in a few boundaries. But the drama unfolded after the first drinks break when India saw two quick wickets fall in the space of four deliveries to give away the advantage to the visitors.
The introduction of Elgar proved to be an intelligent move as he trapped Pujara. Test skipper and birthday boy Virat Kohli (1) then walked out to the center amidst loud cheers from the sparse crowd gathered at the stadium but his stay lasted for just four balls.
Debutant off-spinner Kagiso Rabada (1-30) got the prized wicket of Kohli after the star batsman tried to check his shot off a length delivery and the leading edge went to Elgar, who completed a good low diving catch at cover.
The delight in the opposition camp was palpable as Amla kept on rotating the bowlers in his effort to make more inroads. Starting the post-lunch session on 82 for three, India saw some resistance from Vijay and Ajinkya Rahane (15) but the re -introduction of Elgar into the attack once again proved worthwhile for the visitors.
India lost two wickets in quick succession in overs 38 and 40 to pose big trouble for the hosts. Rahane was the first to go after an expansive drive on a looping delivery that pitched outside the off-stump saw the cherry fly to first slip.
Elgar struck again on the very first delivery of his next over to send wicketkeeper-batsman Wriddhiman Saha packing for nought and be on a hat-trick. All-rounder Jadeja played away the hat-trick ball but India's struggle was far from over.
Vijay then got to his fifty with a thickish edge that flew past the lone slip to his 12th Test half-century. Vijay, who had stitched a 37-run fourth wicket partnership with Rahane, managed a 38-run partnership with Jadeja to raise hopes of an Indian recovery.
But that was not to be as off-spinner Simon Harmer (1-51) got the dangerman trapped LBW and the hosts slipped further. Amit Mishra (6) also couldn?t resist the temptation against Elgar's looping deliveries and fell while attempting to hit past mid-on.
Ashwin though survived a scare after he was trapped LBW off Rabada only to see the umpire check the no ball and the third eye saw that the bowler?s foot was over the popping crease.
Ashwin and Jadeja then rallied hard to give the total some semblance of respect.
But once Philander got Jadeja trapped after his 94-ball stay at the wicket, leg-spinner Imran Tahir (2-23) did not take much time to wrap up the tail. Tahir, who was introduce into the bowling attack only in the 44th over, cleaned up Umesh Yadav and then Varon Aaron with two classic googly's to send the Indian innings packing.
The South African batsmen also did not have it easy against the Indian spinners as Amla and Elgar survived a tense final half-hour of play with Kohli juggling around his spinners in search of a third wicket that was not to be.