Punjab: State Profile : History
Assembly Elections
Punjab State Profile
The history of Punjab is as old as the history of the Indian Civilization. The land of five rivers, this state was known as Panchal when the Aryans came to India in the third millennium BC. Before that, the whole region of the Sindhu (Indus) and its tributaries were inhibited by the Harappans or the people of Copper Age who constructed great cities in this region. Ropar in modern Punjab is a great example of this civilization. After the decline of the Harappans, Aryans from Central Asia ventured into this land and made this their home.

Punjab always had a strategic importance due to its position on the famous Grand Trunk Road that connected the eastern parts of India to the extreme northwest point of Taxila (now in Afghanistan). After the decline of the Mauryan Empire, the Indo Greeks, Guptas, and Vardhans ruled this region in succession. After the coming of Muslims in the 9th-10th century AD, the region became an integral part of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the most prominent ruler in this land was Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the early 19th century. After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikhs could not hold on to their territory for long and the British controlled most of the region either directly or through the princely states.

The Partition of India in 1947 was a turning point for this state. Most of the Muslim dominated areas went out with Pakistan; while the Sikh and Hindu dominated areas remained with India. Lakhs of people were killed in the mayhem that engulfed in this region in the wake of the Partition. After Independence, a new state of Punjab was created with modern day Haryana and Himachal Pradesh being a part of this state.
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Amarinder Singh Parkash Singh Badal
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  Lambi Patiala
  Muktsar Majitha
  Hoshiarpur Malerkotla
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  Number of Seats and Electors  
  Chief Ministers with Most Tenures  
  Chronology of Chief Ministers  
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Date of issue of Notification 05.01.2012 (Thursday)
Last Date for Nominations 12.01.2012 (Thursday)
Date for Scrutiny 13.01.2012 (Friday)
Date of Poll 30.01.2012 (Monday)
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