Uttar Pradesh State Profile : History
Assembly Elections
UP State Profile
History
Uttar Pradesh’s known history goes back to 4000 years ago, when the Aryans first made it their home in 2000 BC. This heralded the Vedic age and UP was its home. The Aryans first inhabited the Doab region and the Ghagra plains and called it the Madhya Desha (midland) or Aryavarta (the Aryan land) or Bharatvarsha (the kingdom of Bharat, an important Aryan king



During the Mughal rule, cities like Agra and Fatehapur Sikri got the distinction of becoming the capital city of Akbar the Great. The Mughals ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent. Even when the empire disintegrated, this part, between the Doab region and Delhi, remained their last territory.



In the latter half of the 18th century, the British finally won the last Mughal territory - the Doab and also Bundelkhand, Kumaon and Banaras divisions. Delhi, Ajmer and Jaipur were also included in this territory. They called it the North-Western provinces (of Agra). Its capital shifted twice between Agra and Allahabad. In 1920, the capital was shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow.



The state continued to play a significant role in Indian culture and politics and has played an important role in modern Indian history during the independence movement. The city of Allahabad was home to leaders like Motilal Nehru, Purushottam Das Tandon, and Lal Bahadur Shastri, besides being home to five Prime Ministers: Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Rajiv Gandhi.



The first Chief Minister, Govind Ballabh Pant, renamed the state as Uttar Pradesh after independence. Sucheta Kripalani became India`s first woman Chief Minister in October 1963 and continued till March 1967.
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Mulayam Singh Mayawati
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  Number of Seats and Electors  
     
  Chief Ministers with Most Tenures  
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Date of Poll - Phase 1 08.02.12 (Wednesday)
Date of Poll - Phase 2 11.02.12 (Saturday)
Date of Poll - Phase 3 15.02.12 (Wednesday)
Date of Poll - Phase 4 19.02.12 (Sunday)
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