Johnson & Johnson starts project to prevent Type 1 diabetes

Johnson & Johnson has begun a research partnership to find the root cause of Type 1 diabetes and stop the hormonal disorder in its tracks. It's the health care giant's first project under its ambitious initiative to prevent or at least intercept and reduce harm from many diseases.

Human ancestors had Neanderthal like `inner ear`

In a re-examination of a 100,000-year-old early human skull, researchers have found the surprising presence of an inner-ear formation long thought to occur only in Neanderthals.

New high-tech glasses help doctors `see` cancer

Scientists have developed new high-tech glasses that may help surgeons visualise cancer cells which glow blue when viewed through the eye-wear.

Discovery may lead to new drugs for osteoporosis

Scientists have found that activating a biological pathway may help stimulate bone growth.

20% of women with ovarian cancer inherit predisposition to disease

A new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has estimated that one in five women with ovarian cancer inherit genetic mutations that increase the risk of the disease.

New breakthrough brings malaria drugs closer to reality

An Indian origin researcher has found that a form of malaria, which is common in India, Southeast Asia and South America, attacks human red blood cells by clamping down on the cells with a pair of proteins.

Substance abuse far higher in mentally ill

Smoking, drinking and drug use are significantly higher among those who have psychotic disorders than among those in the general population, says a new paper.

Ancient bones offer peek at history of cats in China

Five-thousand-year-old cat bones found in a Chinese farming village have raised new questions about man`s complex rapport with domestic felines through history, said a study out Monday.

Humans may look like `Close Encounters` aliens in 100,000 yrs

A researcher has speculated that humans in the next 100,000 years may look like aliens from the hit movie `Close Encounters of the Third Kind`: large, bug eyes, huge foreheads and pigmented skin.

Gut bacteria may hold key to fighting obesity

Germ-free mice, who received gut bacteria from obese humans, gained more weight and accumulated more fat than mice, who received bacteria from the guts of lean humans, according to a new study.

1,450-year-old stone monument adds new chapter to Mayan history

Archaeologists have discovered an intricately carved stone monument with hieroglyphic text, which could add a new chapter in unveiling the Mayan civilization mystery.

How rice underwent mutations from crop to weed and back

Researchers have looked back in time to see whether the same genetic mutations underlay the emergence of the same traits in both cultivated and weedy rice.

Major hurdle to diabetes transplants removed

Researchers at have identified a way to make insulin-producing human cells multiply in the laboratory, potentially removing a significant obstacle to transplanting the cells as a treatment for patients with type 1diabetes.

Tumours disable immune cells by using up sugar

Cancer cells` appetite for sugar may have serious consequences for immune cell function, a new study has found.

Older adult clumsiness likely caused by brain changes

Ageing process seems to go hand-in-hand with an annoying increase in clumsiness -difficulties in dialing a phone, fumble with keys in a lock or knock over the occasional wine glass while reaching for a salt shaker.

How brain implant helps relieve depression

An implanted electronic stimulator is commonly used to treat severe depression in people who don`t respond to standard antidepressant therapy, but little is known about how this stimulation works.

New evidence points to Moon`s violent origins

Scientists have shed new insights about the moon`s chemical makeup as well as clues about the giant impacts that may have shaped the early beginnings of Earth and the moon.

`Free birth control leads to lower rates of abortions`

A new study has found that free birth control leads to lower rates of abortions and teen births.

Brain imaging can predict how intelligent you are: Study

Brain imaging can predict how intelligence varies from exceptionally smart humans to the average ones, a new research has said.

Scientists decode brain activity of monkeys

Scientists were able to "see" that two monkeys were planning to tackle the same task differently, even before they moved a muscle, thanks to a decoding of their brain activity.