With Islamabad dragging its feet on handing over India's fugitives, New Delhi is contemplating launching a fresh diplomatic offensive for imposition of UN sanctions against Pakistan for its failure to honour an enforceable General Assembly resolution requiring countries not to support terrorism actively or passively.
"Pakistan's inaction to act on the list of terrorists given by New Delhi and its continuing support to those responsible for terror acts in Jammu and Kashmir and other parts of India has made the Government lean towards the option of launching a new diplomatic offensive for imposition of sanctions against Islamabad," top Government sources said.
The UN General Assembly resolution of September 28 last year, shortly after the terror strikes against USA, had stipulated in clear terms that no country would actively or passively support terrorism.
"This UNGA Resolution No 1373 is an enforceable resolution and any country found violating it could invite sanctions from the international community," they said.
Asked about the benefits of an extradition treaty between countries, the sources said it was an enabling provision to start the extradition process for criminals wanted in one country who have taken refuge in another.
However, the sources said there were several instances where an agreement to hand over fugitives existed between the law enforcing agencies of two countries.
They said India and Pakistan, being signatories to the Interpol Charter, were under an obligation to detain persons against whom Red Corner notices have been issued by Interpol.
Referring to the recent issuance of Red Corner notice against Dubai-based Aftab Ansari, the sources said if this terrorist, believed to be behind the terror strikes in Kolkata, travelled to any of the signatory countries, they were expected to detain him as per the Charter agreement.
The Red Corner notice 'A-1476/12/2001' against Ansari was issued by the Lyyons office of the France-based Interpol after the CBI provided some evidence including telephone number of Ansari, from which he had called the Superintendent of Police in Kolkata after the shootout.