New Delhi: Pledging to reduce its emissions
intensity by 20-25 percent as done by China, India led by
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is ready to play a leadership
role at the global climate summit at Copenhagen slated from
Singh will join US President Barack Obama and over 100
world leaders at the summit with the likelihood increasing of
a consensus on a new global deal to replace the Kyoto Protocol
which expires 2012.
"We want to be seen as a deal-maker and not a
deal-breaker. We have already set our four non-negotiable
positions including no legally binding emission cuts and no
peaking year for the emissions as demanded by certain
quarters," Union Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said.
He categorically stated that India`s negotiation
position remains intact and there were no rifts between the
government and the negotiators, Chandrasekhar Dasgupta and
Pradipto Gosh, who had initially decided to opt out of the
team going to Copenhagen.
Ramesh said he had "necessary and productive"
discussions with them and they will be the part of the
delegation to attend the 12-day summit at Denmark.
But it would be tough negotiations with the rich
nations, who are planning to table Danish draft which seeks
peaking years for all the emerging economies and thus blurring
the difference between the industrialised and countries like
India and China.
The move is expected to be strongly opposed by India
which has, in association with other key emerging countries
like Brazil, South Africa, China (BASIC), drafted a proposal
to be part of the negotiations, demanding adherence to the
Principles of equity as per Kyoto Protocol.
Ramesh while asserting that the Danish draft was
totally unacceptable and would lead to stalemate, has
nevertheless said that they were going to Copenhagen in a
positive frame of mind, prepared to be flexible.
"We want a comprehensive and equitable agreement. We
are realistic enough to know such an agreement may not
materialise, but we have worked with like-minded countries,
with China, and with others, to ensure there is a
comprehensive and equitable arrangement," Ramesh said.
Ahead of the crucial negotiations, Chinese Foreign
Ministry Spokesperson Qin Gang, in a statement, made clear
that any attempt to go against the principles of "common but
differentiated responsibilities" as enshrined in Kyoto
Protocol will be no cause for optimism for the deal.
The bloc of the developing countries are seeking for
binding emissions cut commitments from industrialized nations,
technology transfer and capacity-building assistance to
developing nations and no legal binding emissions cuts.
Gang added, "We demand that the developed countries
fulfill their promises with actions. The Copenhagen conference
lies in whether we can adhere to the UNFCCC and its Kyoto
Protocol seeking "Common but differentiated responsibilities."
China, which is the second largest polluter has also
announced plans for a 20 to 25 percent carbon emission cut by
Brazil proposes for voluntary reductions of 38-42 percent by 2020, asking the developed nations to contribute funds
and share green technology if they want developing and poor
nations to take adequate steps to protect the climate.
Ramesh said the carbon intensity reduction target was
voluntary and not binding.
"We have to be the part of the solution and not a
deal-breaker. Of course we would ensure that our national
interest are kept intact, which revolves round the principles
of not taking legal emission cuts," the environment minister