History of ULFA

Following is the chronology of events since the inception of ULFA in 1979.

Guwahati: Following is the chronology of
events since the inception of ULFA in 1979:

April 7, 1979: United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
founded under the leadership of Arabinda Rajkhowa along with
five others with the aim to establish a "sovereign" Assam.

1979-1985: The group was involved in different violent
activities during the six year long Assam agitation,
spearheaded by All Assam Students` Union.

May 9, 1990: ULFA kills Surendra Paul, a leading tea
planter and brother of Lord Swraj Paul, causing many tea
estate managers to flee the state.

Nov 28, 1990: President`s rule imposed in Assam,
dismissing the then Prafulla Kumar Mahanta government; Centre
bans the ULFA; Indian Army launches Operation Bajrang as
counter offencive against the group.

Jul 1, 1991: ULFA cadre abduct 14 people including an
engineer of erstwhile USSR.

Jan 14, 1992: Operation Rhino against ULFA suspended by
state government as the group agrees for talks.

Apr 11, 1992: ULFA guns down 10 security personnel.

Jun 29, 1994: Vice-Chairman of the group Pradip Gogoi
nabbed by security forces.

Apr 28, 1996: Lt Col Devendra Tyagi shot dead by the
terrorists in the Kamakhya temple, Guwahati.

May 18, 1996: Superintendent of Police, Tinsukia, Ravi
Kant Singh killed by ULFA.

Jun 8, 1997: Chief Minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta
escapes attempt on life after his convoy is ambushed by the
ULFA in Guwahati.

Jul 4, 1997: The banned outfit kills social activist
Sanjoy Ghosh.

Jan, 1998: ULFA general secretary Anup Chetia arrested
in Dhaka.

Feb 4, 1999: ULFA and three other insurgent groups in
the region launch their websites.

Sep 24, 1999: BJP Lok Sabha candidate Pannalal Oswal
killed in Dhubri ahead of polls by the outfit.

Feb 27, 2000: ULFA kills the then state PWD and Forest
Minister, Nagen Sharma in Nalbari district.

Dec 15, 2003: Royal Bhutan Army launches military
operations against the ULFA, NDFB and KLO terrorists.

Dec 22, 2003: ULFA seeks safe passage from China for its
cadre from Bhutan.

Nov 18, 2004: ULFA Chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa expresses
willingness to begin a peace dialogue with the Centre.

Oct 26, 2005: Negotiations between the Centre and the
ULFA-nominated People’s Consultative Group start in New Delhi.

Jan 1, 2006: Rajkhowa demands release of senior leaders
of ULFA before holding direct talks with New Delhi.

Jul 1, 2006: The outfit expresses willingness to hold
direct talks with the Centre.

Aug 13, 2006: The Centre stops all operations by
security forces against the ULFA for a few days.

Aug 31, 2006: Paresh Barua in a communique assures the
Union Government that its jailed leaders will not abscond,
after being released.

Sep 24, 2006: Government resumes counter-insurgency
operations against ULFA after the deadline for ceasefire
expired on September 20.

Sep 27, 2006: PCG pulls out from the peace talks with
the Union Government.

Oct 30, 2008: About 77 persons killed and more than 300
injured in 13 near-simultaneous blasts in Assam.

Dec 21, 2008: General secretary of ULFA, Golap Barua
alias Anup Chetia, moves to the UN for refugee status once
released from Bangladesh jail where he was under trial.

Jul 21, 2008: The Centre confirms that Paresh Baruah has
moved out of Bangladesh for some time.

Oct 14, 2008: Home Minister P Chidambaram said talks
with the ULFA only after it abjures violence.

Nov 6, 2009: ULFA`s `foreign secretary` Sashadhar
Choudhury and `finance secretary` Chitraban Hazarika surrender
before BSF near Agartala.

Dec 4, 2009 : ULFA `chairman` Arabinda Rajkhowa and
`Deputy commander-in-chief` Raju Baruah along with family
members surrender to Indian authorities along Indo-Bangla
border in Meghalaya.