India, Japan, Brazil, Germany push for early UNSC reform

India, Japan, Brazil and Germany- the aspirants for permanent representation in the UNSC pledged support to each others` candidature while agreeing to push ahead for an early expansion of the powerful body.

New York: India, Japan, Brazil and
Germany -- the aspirants for permanent representation in the
UN Security Council – on Saturday pledged support to each others`
candidature while agreeing to push ahead for an early
expansion of the powerful body.

In a meeting on the sidelines of the UN General
Assembly, foreign ministers of the G4 nations jointly pressed
for an early movement on the issue of reforms, which they
believe is essential to reflect the realities of the present
day world.

"The Ministers reiterated the need for urgent reform
of the Security Council, which would include expansion of both
categories of membership, permanent and non-permanent," a
statement released after the meeting said.

Indian ambassador to the UN, Hardeep Singh Puri, said
that some substantial movement in these efforts is expected
soon, indicating that the reform process could begin as early
as in 12 months.

The meeting, also attended by External Affairs
Minister S M Krishna, decided to push ahead with the Security
Council reform and seek results at the earliest.
"They all want to make sure this happens at the
earliest," Puri said.

"The Ministers noted with satisfaction the
overwhelming support among member states for expansion of both
categories of membership in the Security Council, including
developing and developed countries," the statement said.

Puri noted that this meeting between the foreign
ministers indicated that the reform agenda would now be
discussed between governments, and not just by the countries`
diplomats at the UN.

"While reiterating their support for each other`s
candidatures as aspiring new permanent members, they
reconfirmed their view of the importance of Africa to be
represented in permanent membership, in an enlarged Council,"
the statement said.

At the same time, however, Puri pointed out that not
all the countries were on the same page when it came to what
shape this reform should take.

"There are nuances... But there is complete unanimity
in terms of objective," he said.

Meanwhile, India is gearing up to join the Security
Council as a non-permanent member after a gap of 19 years and
diplomats here are hoping that reform comes in the next two
years while India is already on the Council.

Puri told PTI that such a development would put India
on a "firmer and long-term" footing.

Besides Krishna, Japanese Foreign Minister Seiji
Maehara, Brazilian Celso Amorim and German Guido Westerwelle,
attended the meeting.

However, no clear picture has yet emerged as to what a
new Council would look like.

While the United Kingdom and France have given the
green signal for change, the US has been more guarded.

The US, for instance, favours Japan in the Council but
has not yet come out openly in India`s backing.

Earlier this year, US Under Secretary of State for
Political Affairs, William Burns recognised New Delhi as a
major global player but stopped short of endorsing its bid on
the Council.

At the same time there is resistance from the big
powers that do not want change.

Underlining that the Security Council would hold no
legitimacy in its current state, Puri asserted that reform was
not something that had to be "given" but "taken".

"Just like freedom from colonial forces was not given
to us, we fought for it," he said.