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Libya Army chief of staff wants to disarm fighters

One of the most serious and immediate problems facing Libya`s interim leaders is disbanding disparate armed groups.

Tripoli: Libya`s new military chief of staff said on Wednesday his first missions are to protect the desert nation`s vast borders and help disarm thousands of former rebels who took part in the overthrow of longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi.

Speaking to reporters in the capital, Tripoli, General Youssef Mangoush said the country`s fledgling military faces huge obstacles, including rebuilding its bases and purchasing new equipment.

"Many of the military compounds are partially or totally damaged, most of the gear and equipment is destroyed and the army before the revolution was neglected by the old regime," he said.

One of the most serious and immediate problems facing the interim leaders is disbanding disparate armed groups of former revolutionary fighters, divided among the regions where they operate. The regional militias, which played a main role in bringing Gaddafi down, are in charge of security in their areas in the absence of a strong and unified national military force. Clashes are frequent.

Fierce gunbattles between the militias erupted this week in the centre of Tripoli, leaving at least four fighters dead.

Mangoush said unifying the militias is a top priority.

"We hope to integrate the rebels and have life go back to normal, and keep things under control," Mangoush said. He said that in the first phase of recruitment, some 25,000 soldiers will be trained.

"Our long term plans are to build a modern army," he said.

The Libyan military, still recruiting fighters and undergoing an overhaul, has also yet to establish itself as the central authority on the ground.

Mangoush said that brigades that once protected Gaddafi, who was captured and killed in October, are still armed.

Mangoush was once a special forces commander under Gaddafi, but he resigned from the military 10 years before the uprising. He joined with the opposition in its battle to overthrow Gaddafi`s regime shortly after protests erupted in February.
During the fighting, he was detained in the eastern oil port city of Brega and taken to Tripoli, where he was held for four months until the opposition freed him and others when they overran the capital in August.

Libya`s ruling National Transitional Council acknowledges that forging a national army could take months.

On December 12, Libya`s new leaders said they hoped to have a working army and police force up and running in 100 days.

General Khalifa Hifter, the commander of the fledgling national Army, said at the time that he believed the timetable would give new recruits enough time to train and reorganise after the eight-month civil war that ended with Gaddafi`s death, but he also said it would take at least three to five years before Libya can field an Army strong enough to protect its borders.

Bureau Report