Massive and violent protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) has gripped the nation with the situation escalating in several places including Delhi, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Bihar and Northeastern states. The Act aims to grant citizenship to Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Parsis, Buddhists and Christians fleeing religious persecution from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh and came to India on or before December 31, 2014.
Protests escalated in the national capital on December 15 and since then the protests have caused major inconvenience to the people with massive traffic snarls and authorities shutting down of metro stations in the national capital.
Amid the protests over the Act, here are a few detailed questions and answers clearing the myths around the CAA:
Q1. Do Indian Muslims need to worry about CAA + NRC?
Ans: No Indian citizen of any religion needs to worry at all either about CAA or NRC.
Q2. Will people be excluded in NRC on religious grounds?
Ans: No. NRC is not about religion at all. NRC, as and when conducted, shall not be and can not be on religious grounds. No one can be excluded for being a follower of any religion.
Q3. How is citizenship decided? Will it be in the hands of government?
Ans: The citizenship will be decided as per The Citizenship Rules, 2009 as framed under The Citizenship Act, 1955. They are in public domain. There are five ways in which a person can become an Indian citizen:
I. Citizenship by Birth,
II. Citizenship by descent,
III. Citizenship by registration,
IV. Citizenship by naturalization,
V. Citizenship by incorporation of territory
Q4. When NRC comes, will I have to provide details of the birth of parents etc. to prove my Indian citizenship?
Ans: Details of your birth like date/month and year and place of birth are enough. If not available, you may have to provide such details of the birth of parents, but no documents will be required to be compulsorily submitted, w.r.t parents. Citizenship can be proved by submitting any documents relating to the date and place of birth. The details of such admissible documents are yet to be decided. But they are likely to include voter card, passport, Aadhaar, license, insurance papers, birth certificate, school leaving certificate, land or house papers or such other
documents issued by public authorities. The list of these documents is likely to be fairly long so that no Indian citizen is put to any undue harassment.
Q5. When NRC comes, Do I have to prove ancestry dating back before 1971?
Ans: No. You don’t have to prove any ancestry by presenting any document like ID cards or birth certificates of parents/ ancestors dating back to before 1971. That was valid only for the Assam NRC and mandated by the Assam Accord and implemented on the directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court. NRC procedure in the rest of the country is entirely different as provided under The Citizenship(Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
Q6.What if a person is illiterate and does not have relevant documents?
Ans: In this case, authorities will allow him to bring witnesses, various other proofs/community verification etc. A due procedure will be followed. No Indian citizen will be put to undue trouble.
Q7. Does NRC exclude anyone for being transgender, atheist, Adivasis, Dalits, women and landless without/without documents?
Ans: No. NRC, as and when carried out, shall not affect any of the mentioned above.