Barcelona's Ousmane Dembele and Lionel Messi were on target as the Copa del Rey holders thrashed Levante 3-0 at the Nou Camp on Friday for a 4-2 aggregate win to reach the quarter-finals.
However, Barca's status in a competition they have won for the last four years is unclear after Levante said before the game that they would file a complaint to the Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) about the Catalan club.
Levante claim that Barcelona's teenage defender Chumi Brandariz, who played in the first leg, was ineligible to take part in the match because he was suspended.
If the RFEF ruled against the Catalan club, the 30 times Copa del Rey winners would be thrown out, with Levante given a bye and taking their place in the last eight.
With Barca trailing 2-1 from the first leg, coach Ernesto Valverde made five changes and recalled the club's all-time top scorer Messi as well as Jordi Alba and Ivan Rakitic to the team while starting without first-choice striker Luis Suarez.
Barcelona made a flying start and, after numerous forays into the visitor's area, took the lead on the half hour when Dembele latched onto a Messi through ball and chipped into the net with the help of a deflection off a defender.
The France forward struck again less than a minute later, receiving another Messi pass and rounding goalkeeper Aitor Fernandez to double Barca's advantage.
Philippe Coutinho looked to have struck early in the second half but his effort was ruled out for offside following a review by the Video Assistant Referee (VAR).
Messi wrapped up the win in the 54th minute but the Catalans will not know their fate in the competition until the federation rules on Levante's planned complaint over Chumi, which is set to be sent on Friday, the same day as the quarter-final draw.
Barca coach Valverde reiterated that his side had done nothing wrong in fielding 19-year-old Chumi, who was left out of the squad for the second leg as the coach named a more experienced team to turn the tie around.
"We had no doubts about playing Chumi, we believe we did the right thing and we are going to be in the draw," Valverde told a news conference.
He added, "We have no doubts now and we had no doubts then. We feel very confident about this situation."
Levante coach Paco Lopez attempted to avoid discussing the potential consequences of their planned complaint but he said he would support the club's decision.
"I didn't want to know anything and I wanted to keep the players focused on the game," he said.
"But I believe the club is within its right to do this. As a sportsman, I would prefer to win things on the pitch, but there are also rules that everyone has to follow," Lopez signed off.