Chennai: Amid a huge sell-off by foreign investors in the capital markets, RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan on Friday said India is well protected against volatile capital flows with its deeper reserves, surging growth and a stronger macroeconomic environment.
"Today we are all self-insured. Today I would argue that India has at least two or three layers of defence (against capital flows)," Rajan said while delivering a lecture at the Madras School of Economics.
"First layer of defence against volatile capital flows is our good macroeconomic environment... Now I think we are in much better situation," he said, referring to the capital flight and the rupee fall the country had witnessed after mid-2013.
Elaborating further, Rajan said the current account deficit -- which had widened to 4.9 percent in FY13 -- is low, the fiscal deficit is down and the inflation has also been contained.
For the current fiscal, CAD is pegged at 0.9 percent of GDP, as against around 1 percent in fiscal 2014-15.
Rajan said the second comforting factor giving protection to the Indian economy protection is the large forex reserves at close to USD 354 billion now, saying it can be used to fight extreme volatilities.
Rupee had touched an all-time low at Rs 68.85 against the US dollar in late August 2013, becoming one of the worst performing currencies in the world, following the 'Fed taper tantrums'.
The RBI Governor said the third layer of protection was high growth, saying India was ranked as the fastest growing major economy in the world.
Rajan, however, said that the growth rate needed to be much higher to make the economy stronger.
In his speech, Rajan also questioned the sustainability of debt-fuelled demand, which majority of the industrial economies have been following since the 2008 global credit crisis. Since then, growth has been wavering as consumer demand has been tepid or almost absent, he said.
"While the remedy may be to write down the debt so as to revive demand from the indebted, it is debatable whether additional debt-fuelled demand is sustainable in the long-run," Rajan wondered.