Mumbai: The grounding of Jet Airways has impacted industry's capacity by as much as 14 percent, resulting in a 4.2 percent fall in domestic air traffic to 10.99 million in April, according to Icra.
The domestic passenger traffic remained on an upswing between July 2013 and March 2019, after witnessing year-on-year de-growth in June 2013, the ratings agency said in a note on Thursday.
The moderation in capacity, which started in February when the now-defunct Jet Airways began grounding its fleet in a staggered manner, has also resulted in 30-40 percent increase in airfares in March compared to September last year, Icra said.
"This (de-growth in domestic passenger traffic) is primarily attributable to adverse impact on the industry capacity which has been hit hard due to grounding of Jet Airways aircraft starting February (due to liquidity constraints) and eventual discontinuation of its operations from April 18," Icra added.
Cash-starved Jet Airways temporarily suspended its operations on April 17.
Noting that the consequent increase in airfares due to the demand-supply imbalance has impacted the industry Passenger Load Factors (PLFs), Icra said during April all airlines except GoAir have reported a year-on-year decline in PLFs.
PLF is an indicator of seat occupancy.
Overall, the domestic passenger traffic growth for January-April period was muted at 2.5 percent, significantly lower than the 24.6 percent growth witnessed during the year-ago period, Icra stated.
"The discontinuation of operations by Jet Airways has impacted about 14 percent of the total industry capacity. Overall, the moderation in capacity starting February has resulted in airfares surging by about 30-40 percent in March over September last year," Kinjal Shah, vice president and co-head for corporate sector ratings at Icra said.
Since, India is a price sensitive market, rise in airfares has affected passenger traffic growth from October last year onwards.
There has been re-deployment of some of the aircraft of Jet Airways by other airlines, which has moderated airfares during April and May 2019 but overall fares continue to increase, she added.
While the increased airfares are likely to support the profitability of the airlines in an environment of high costs, the impact on the passenger growth does not bode well for the industry, Shah noted. PTI IAS AP