India will not be able to achieve crucial MDG targets: Report
New Delhi: India's poverty ratio is likely to be 26.7 percent by 2015 while child mortality ratio is seen at 52 per thousand live births, missing the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in this regard, according to a government report.
According to the Statistical Year Book 2013 released by Minister of Statistics and Programme Implementation Srikant Kumar Jena, the poverty ratio is likely to be 26.7 percent compared to MDG target of 23.9 percent by 2015. It was 29.8 percent in 2009-10.
As per MDG, India was required to halve the percentage of population below the national poverty line by 2015 over the 1990 level. In 1990, poverty ratio was 47.8 percent which came down to 37.2 percent in 2004-05.
India was also required to reduce the child mortality rate to 42 per thousand live births by 2015. However, the current estimates suggest that it would be around 52 by the end of the MDG deadline.
The year book further indicates that India will also miss the infant mortality rate target of 27 per thousand live birth by 2015. India is likely to reduce the IMR to 43 per thousand by 2015 from 44 in 2011.
As per another MDG target, India is expected to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015 to 109 per one lakh births. The latest data suggests that MMR would come down to 139 per one lakh births by 2015 from 437 in 1990.
In September 2000, the Millennium Declaration was adopted at the Millennium Summit, held in the framework of the 55th General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). The summit was attended by the heads of state or government of nearly all UN member states.
The MDGs and targets come from the Millennium Declaration, signed by 189 countries, including 147 heads of state and government, in September 2000.
The eight MDGs include eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and empowering women, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing global partnership for development.
Under the MDGs, 18 targets were set as quantitative benchmarks for attaining these goals.