Ancient treasures of Syria

There are about 240 archaeological sites including 72 recorded sites in Deir Ezzor governorate (north-eastern Syria).

New Delhi: The head of Deir Ezzor Archaeological Department Amir Haio has revealed that there are about 240 archaeological sites including 72 recorded sites in Deir Ezzor governorate (north-eastern Syria).

The most important of these sites are B`krus, which dates back to 6900 BC, Mary, 3200 BC, Tel al-Ashara 3000 BC, Tel Abu Ateeq Tomb, 2200 BC, Tel Sheikh Hamad 1300 BC, Dora Eurupos "Salhiye" 300 BC, and Halabia Zalabia 300 AD, reports Global Arab Network.

There are also many sites that date back to different periods among them, Tel al-Kasra, Tel al-Baseera, Tel al-kasabi, Tel Tabos, Tel Abu Nhod.

French Professor Jean-Claude Margueron said Mary was the North capital of the Assyrians, which controls the northern basin of the Euphrates and Mesopotamia, while the city of Ur had controlled southern part and had rivalled the city of Babylon, which was the centre of Mesopotamia.

Margueron added that Mary was the largest centre for metal manufacturing in the region. It controlled the movement of metals coming from the Taurus Mountains, such as bronze, lead, for manufactured weapons.

Several furnaces, which had been dedicated to copper manufacturing were unearthed, as well as a number of golden coins.

He said the statues unearthed in the Kingdom of Mary differ from the rest of the statues, which were unearthed in other archaeological sites in terms of forms, figures, methods of positioning and the industrial materials.

The most important of them are Ishtar, Ornina and Ashki Mary.

He noted that Mary`s design was circular in shape surrounded by a wall, and connected with the Euphrates River by a canal to drag water.

In a survey made by Spanish Professor Juan Luis on the Middle Euphrates region, northern Syria, Luis said that the archaeological sites extended along the Euphrates valley from Halabia Zalabia to Tel Ahumaida.

The most important sites are Tel Ahumaida and Abu-al-Ateeq tomb which dates back to the Awrc and the Assyrian eras. Cylinder seals, cuneiforms, unique pottery were unearthed in the region.


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