Key constituencies of Assam
A look at some of the key constituencies of Assam.
Tezpur is the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Sonitpur district. Tezpur is an ancient city on the banks of the river Brahmaputra and is the largest of the north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000. It is situated 175 kilometres (109 mi) north east of Guwahati. The rivers in and around Tezpur are very fast flowing ones, especially towards the Himalayas foothills. Tezpur has a number of small hillocks, so that flooding doesn`t occur during the monsoons.
Dibrugarh is the headquarters of Dibrugarh district. It is situated on the banks of the Brahmaputra river, in Upper Assam, about 435 kilometres (270 mi) north east of Guwahati. It is the gateway to the three tea producing districts of Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, and Sibsagar. These three areas account for approximately 50% of India`s Assam tea crop and this gives Dibrugarh its rightly earned sobriquet as the Tea City of India. Oil and Timber are the other big two industries in and around Dibrugarh.
Tinsukia is a municipality board in Tinsukia district. Tinsukia is one of the commercial centres in Assam after Guwahati. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) kilometres away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam.Hailed as the business capital of Assam, the place has a heady mix of Assamese, Bengali and Hindi-speaking people. It truly is a cosmopolitan town.
The present name of the place came from the Tinkunia Pukhuri (the pond with three sides) located at the heart of the town. Tinsukia is also a major railhead of Assam. Presently it houses the biggest railway junction of Assam. As per 2001 India census Tinsukia had a population of 85,519. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Tinsukia has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 75%.
Dispur is the capital of Assam. This place that existed as a locality on the outskirts of Guwahati, took its place as the capital of Assam in 1973. This was after Shillong, the erstwhile capital became the capital of the state of Meghalaya that was carved out of Assam. To the south of Dispur is the theologically important site of Basistha Ashram and the Shankardev Kalak shetra, a cultural centre created in the 1990s. Next to Dispur is the ancient township of Jatia. The Assam State Secretariat Buildings are also located here.
Guwahati consists of four assembly constituencies, Jalukbari, Dispur, Guwahati East and Guwahati West, all of which are part of Guwahati Lok Sabha constituency. Guwahati (previously spelled Gauhati) is the largest city in the North-East region of India. It is also considered as one of the largest cities of eastern India. It is said to be the "Gateway" of the North –east region. Dispur, the capital of Assam, is located within the city.
Guwahati is one of the most rapidly growing cities in India. According to a survey done by a UK media outlet, Guwahati is among the 100 fastest growing cities of the world and is the 5th fastest growing among Indian cities. In 2001, males constituted 55 percent and females at 45 percent of Guwahati`s residents. Guwahati has an average literacy rate of 78 percent with male literacy at 81 and female literacy at 74 percent. Lot of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh also live here thus affecting the demography.
Kokrajhar consists of two assembly constituencies, Kokrajhar East and Kokrajhar West, both of which are part of Kokrajhar Lok Sabha ontituency. Kokrajhar is a city in Bodoland Territorial Council. Kokrajhar city is located along the bank of Gourang River. The North East Indian Railways divides the city into two sides, north and the south. Kokrajhar city is the headquarters of Kokrajhar district and the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC). It is occupied by different communities and cultures, The main inhabitants are Bodos, Assamese, Rajbongshis, Bengalis, Garo, Santalis and other communities too.
As per 2001 India census Kokrajhar had a population of 31,152. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kokrajhar has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 84% and female literacy is 74%.
Barpeta assembly segment is a part of the Barpeta Lok Sabha Constituency. This is a small municipal town and a capital of the Barpeta administrative district. Barpeta is the headquarters of Barpeta district. The city is located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) north west of Guwahati. Barpeta is renowned in the Historical map of Assam as the "Land of the Satras".
These Satras bear the testimony of the great Assamese reformer, saint, Scholar and Cultural exponent Srimanta Sankardeva and his able disciple Shri Shri Madhabdeva who arrived from Upper Assam back in the 16th century to lay down strong foundation of Assamese Culture in the region through his socio-religious Vaishnava-reform movement. This reform movement left a historic legacy. The Barpeta Satra and various other Satras scattered around the district attract devotees from every nook and corner of Assam.
As per 2001 India census Barpeta had a population of 41,175. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Barpeta has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate.
Silchar is the headquarters of Cachar district of Assam. It is the economic gateway to the state of Mizoram and part of Manipur. It is situated 420 kilometres (261 mi) south east of Guwahati. The town of Silchar has tremendous commercial importance and is the second largest in the state of Assam. It consequently, witnesses the settlement of a sizeable population of traders from distant parts of India. Approximately 90% residents of Silchar are Sylhetis. Silchar is situated by the banks of the Barak River in what is popularly known as Barak Valley.
Titabor Town is a census town in Jorhat district of Assam. As per 2001 India census Titabor Town had a population of 7450. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Titabor Town has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 84% and female literacy is 77%. In Titabor Town, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Titabar is part of Jorhat Lok Sabha constituency.
Golaghat assembly constituency is part of Kaliabor Lok Sabha constituency. Golaghat, is the headquarters of Golaghat district and is a Sister Town to Jorhat which is about 55 km away. It is situated 300 kilometres (186 mi) east of Guwahati. As of 2001 India census Golaghat had a population of 33,021. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Golaghat has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 84% and female literacy is 79%.
Naharkatia assembly constituency, is a part of Dibrugarh Lok Sabha constituency. Naharkatia is a town and a town area committee in Dibrugarh district. It is well known for petroleum and gas reserves. As per 2001 India census Naharkatia had a population of 15,528. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Naharkatia has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 82% and female literacy is 74%.