Proceedings begin, Ayodhya verdict shortly
Lucknow: Justice S U Khan, Justice Sudhir
Agarwal and Justice D V Sharma on Thursday started the proceedings to pronounce the judgement in the Ayodhya title suit.
As per the district magistrate of Lucknow, Anil Kumar Sagar, the three judges are likely to give separate judgements in
the Ramjanambhoomi-Babri Masjid case.
To prevent misinterpretation of the ruling, synopsis of three judgements would be made available to the media.
nation awaits with bated breath the verdict in the six-decade-
old legal dispute over the ownership of the land where the
1528-built Babri Masjid once stood.
The High Court here has been turned into a virtually
impregnable fortress and only the parties to the legal dispute
and their lawyers will be allowed entry to Court Number 21
where the three judges will pronounce their verdict.
Unprecedented security measures have been put in place
across the state and particularly in the capital here to
ensure that no untoward incident takes place in the aftermath
of the verdict.
The state government has clamped a ban on any overt
display of victory or defeat after the pronouncement of the
verdict which may run into several thousand pages. "Any such
attempts will be firmly dealt with," Deputy Inspector General
Rajeev Krishna said.
Around 1.90 lakh security personnel have been deployed
across the state which Home Minister P Chidambaram said was
"more than enough" to maintain law and order. At least 2,000
paramilitary personnel have been deployed across the city in
addition to regular police force to maintain peace.
People went about their daily routines and schools and
offices functioned normally in the state capital amid heavy
police presence to check any untoward incident.
The only hurdle in the pronouncement of the verdict was
cleared by the Supreme Court Tuesday when it dismissed the
petition by a retired bureaucrat Ramesh Chandra Tripathi for
deferment of the keenly-awaited judgement.
The High Court verdict assumes significance as an
amicable solution to the dispute over a piece of land has not
been achieved through negotiations between the two religious
Repeated attempts were made by former Prime Ministers P V
Narasimha Rao, V P Singh and Chandra Shekhar to persuade the
two sides to reach a compromise but with little success.
The Ayodhya dispute has been an emotive issue for decades
and mired in a slew of legal suits involving Hindu and Muslim
The first title suit in the case was filed in 1950 by one
Gopal Singh Visharad, seeking an injunction for permitting
`pooja`(worship) of Lord Ram at the disputed site while the
second suit was filed by Paramhans Ramchandra Das also in 1950
seeking the same injunction but this was later withdrawn.
The third suit was filed in 1959 by the Nirmohi
Akhara, seeking direction to hand over the charge of the
disputed site from the receiver and the fourth one came in
1961 by UP Sunni Central Board of Waqfs for declaration and
possession of the site.
The fifth suit was moved on July one, 1989 in the name
of Bhagwan Shri Ram Lalla Virajman also for declaration and
Through an application moved by then Advocate General of
UP, all the four suits were transferred to the High Court in
As many as 94 witnesses have appeared before the Court
-- 58 from Hindu side and 36 from Muslim side -- during
regular hearings of the case which began on January 10, 2010.
The High Court, while adjudicating the case, also asked
the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to carry out
excavation in the area surrounding the disputed site to find
out whether temple was there before mosque was built.
The excavation, which was done in the presence of
representatives from Hindus and Muslims, went on for more than
five months between March and August in 2003.
Hearing in the case taken up on a day-to-day basis from
January this year was completed on July 26 and the special
bench had reserved its verdict asking the parties concerned to
approach the OSD in case there was any scope of resolution to
the case through reconciliation.
Since none of the parties made any attempt in this
direction, the court had on September 8 fixed September 24 as
the date for pronouncement of the verdict. It was fixed for
September 30 after the apex court dismissed a plea for
deferment of the High Court verdict.
In its verdict, the High Court is expected to decide
whether the 2.7 acres of disputed land on which the Babri
Masjid stood before it was demolished on December 6, 1992,
belongs to the Sunni Central Waqf Board or to the Akhil Bharat
The three main issues before the High Court are whether
there was a temple at the disputed site prior to 1528, whether
the suit filed by the Sunni Central Waqf Board in 1961 is
barred by limitation and whether Muslims perfected their title
through adverse possession.
The history of the dispute goes back to the year 1528
when a mosque was built on the site by Mughal emperor Babar
which Hindus claim to be a birth place of Lord Ram and where a
temple was there earlier.
In order to settle the dispute, the British officials in
1859 erected a fence to separate the places of worship,
allowing the inner court to be used by Muslims and the outer
court by Hindus and this system went on till 1949 when an idol
of Lord Ram surfaced inside the mosque.
The authorities then declared the premises a disputed
area and locked the gates which were unlocked after 37 years
by a District Judge in 1986 to allow `darshan`.
With the passage of time, the dispute took political
colour. The Babri Masjid was demolished in 1992 in the
presence of senior leaders of VHP, Shiv Sena and BJP.
The demolition of the mosque triggered communal riots
in several parts of the country in which more than 2,000 lives
Earlier this month, R C Tripathi, one of the parties
to the suit, moved a plea in the High Court seeking deferment
of the verdict to make fresh attempts for an out-of-court
settlement through negotiations.
On September 17, the High Court refused to defer
pronouncement of the verdict following which the matter
reached the Supreme Court.
An apex court bench of Justices Altamas Kabir and A K
Patnaik refused to take up the case and referred it to another
Difference of opinion between two Justices R V
Raveendran and H L Gokhale, before whom the matter came up for
hearing on September 23, surfaced on entertaining the
petition. However, the court issued notices to the parties.
The matter was finally head by a special three-judge
bench headed by Chief Justice of India S H Kapadia om Tuesday
and it dismissed the plea for deferment of the verdict by the
Earlier this month, RC Tripathi, one of the parties to the suit, moved a plea in the High Court seeking deferment of the verdict to make fresh attempts for an out-of-court
settlement through negotiations.
On September 17, the High Court refused to defer pronouncement of the verdict following which the matter reached the Supreme Court.
An apex court bench of Justices Altamas Kabir and AK Patnaik refused to take up the case and referred it to another bench.
Difference of opinion between two Justices RV Raveendran and HL Gokhale, before whom the matter came up for hearing on September 23, surfaced on entertaining the
petition. However, the court issued notices to the parties.
The matter was finally head by a special three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of India SH Kapadia on Tuesday and it dismissed the plea for deferment of the verdict by the High Court.
Meanwhile, the Muzaffarnagar district has been divided into 30 sectors each headed by a magistrate in the wake of the Ayodhya verdict.
Four temporary jails have also been set up in the district as a precautionary measure, officials said today.
Out of the four temporary jails, two are reserved for women.
Police is also conducting flag marches in sensitive areas of the district.
Meanwhile, in Kanpur, most of the schools remained shut, while some closed after noon.
With heavy security presence all around, the streets of the city wore a deserted look as residents chose to remain indoors.
Even though offices remained open, the attendance was thin.
Security has been stepped up with police and security personnel being deployed all across the city.
Six companies of PAC, one company each of RPF and CRPF have been deployed all across the city, District Magistrate Mukseh Meshram said.
CCTV cameras are being used to monitor the situation in some sensitive areas and important points of the industrial town.
Prohibitory orders have also been imposed in the district.
Meanwhile, an alert has been sounded and the police is conducting marches at sensitive areas to maintain peace and communal harmony.
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