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Shaktipeeth

The Shaktipeethas (places of strength) are places of worship consecrated to the Goddess 'Shakti', the Durga. They are spread throughout India, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Legend

According to a legend, during Satya Yuga, King Daksha, son of Brahma performed Vrihaspati Yagna with a desire of taking revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha was furious over his daughter, Sati’s marriage to the 'yogi' Shiva against his wishes. Daksha invited all the deities to the Yagna except for Shiva and Sati. Though Sati was not invited did not deter her from attending the Yagna. She expressed her desire to attend the Yagna to Shiva who tried to dissuade her from going. He eventually gave in to her demand and allowed her to go escorted by his ‘ganas’ (followers).On reaching her parents home, Sati wasn’t given attention and love that a daughter expects, but was rebuked and insulted for her marriage to the ‘yogi’. Sati was unable to bear her father's insults toward her husband, so she committed suicide by jumping into the pyre.

When Lord Shiva heard about her death he became furious. He went to the place where the Yagna was held and destroyed the area. Daksha’s head was severed by the Ganas and after he apologized for his act of foolishness, Shiva replaced his head with a goat’s head.

Struck by grief, Lord Shiva took Sati's body with him and started performing Tandav, dance of destruction. Other Gods requested Lord Vishnu ("The Preserver" in Hindu mythology) to stop this dance after which he severed Sati's body into 51 pieces with Sudarshan Chakra, so that Lord Shiva could return to his sanity and once again take up his duties. Various parts of Sati's body fell at different places which are known as Shaktipeethas.

At all Shaktipeethas, Goddess Shakti is accompanied by Lord Bhairava (a manifestation of Lord Shiva).

The 51 Shaktipeethas

Sr. No.

Place

Organ or Ornament

Shakti

Bhairava

1

Hingula (Or Hinglaj), about 125 Km towards North-East from Karachi, Pakistan

Bramharandhra (Part of the head)

Kottari

Bhimlochan

2

Sharkrare, a little distance from Sukkar Station from Karachi, Pakistan

Eyes

Mahishmardini

Krodhish

3

Sugandha, about 20 Km from Barisal, Bangladesh at Shikarpur on banks of Sondh river

Nose

Sunanda

Trayambak

4

Amarnath in Kashmir, India from Srinagar through Pahalgaon 94 km by Bus, Chandanbari 16 Km by walk

Throat

Mahamaya

Trisandhyeshwar

5

Jwalamukhi, Kangra, India from Pathankot alight at Jwalamukhi Road Station from there 20 Km

Tongue

Siddhida (Ambika)

Unmatta Bhairav

6

Jalandhar, India from Jalandhar Cantonment Station to Devi Talab

Left Breast

Tripurmalini

Bhishan

7

Baidyanathdham, at Deoghar, Jharkhand, India

Heart

Jaya Durga

Baidyanath

8

Nepal, near Pashupatinath Temple at Gujyeshwari Temple

Both Knees

Mahashira

Kapali

9

Manas, under Tibet at the feet of Mount Kailash in Lake Mansarovar, a piece of Stone

Right Hand

Dakshayani

Amar

10

Biraja in Utkal present Orissa, India

Navel

Vimla

Jagannath

11

Gandaki from Pokhara, Nepal about 125 Km on the banks of Gandaki river where Muktinath temple is situated

Temple

Gandaki Chandi

Chakrapani

12

Bahula, on the banks of Ajay river, at Ketugram 8 Km from Katua, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Left Arm

Goddess Bahula

Bhiruk

13

Ujaani, 16 Km from Guskura Station under Burdwan district of West Bengal, India

Right Wrist

Mangal Chandika

Kapilambar

14

Udaipur, Tripura, at the top of the hills known as Matabari near Radhakishorepur village, a little distance away from Udaipur town of Tripura, India

Right Leg

Tripur Sundari

Tripuresh

15

Chatral or Chôţţogram at the top of Chandranath hills near Sitakunda station of Chittagong district, Bangladesh

Right Arm

Bhawani

Chandrashekhar

16

Trisrota, at Salbari village under Boda division of Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal, India

Left Leg

Bhraamari

Ambar

17

Kamgiri, Kamakhya, at the Neelachal hills near Guwahati, capital of Assam, India

Genital Organ

Kamakhya

Umanand

18

Jugaadya at Khirgram under Burdwan district, West Bengal, India

Great Toe (Right)

Jugaadya

Ksheer Khandak

19

Kalipeeth, (Kalighat, Kolkata), India

Right Toe

Kalika

Nakuleesh

20

Prayag near Sangam of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Finger (Hand)

Lalita

Bhava

21

Jayanti at Kalajore Bourbhog village of Khasi hills under Jayantia Parganas of Sylhet district, Bangladesh

Left Thigh

Jayanti

Kramadishwar

22

Kireet at Kireetkona village, 3 Km from Lalbag Court Road station under district Murshidabad, West Bengal, India

Crown

Vimla

Sanwart

23

Varanasi at Manikarnika Ghat on banks of Ganga at Kashi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Earring

Vishalakshi & Manikarni

Kalbhairav

24

Kanyashram, Kanyakumari the Bhadrakali temple within the precincts of Kumari temple, Tamil Nadu, India

Back

Sarvani

Nimish

25

Kurukshetra, at Haryana, India

Ankle Bone

Savitri

Sthanu

26

Manibandh, at Gayatri hills near Pushkar 11 Km towards north-west from Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

Two Bracelets

Gayatri

Sarvanand

27

Shri Shail, at Jainpur village towards north-east 3 Km from Sylhet town, Bangladesh

Neck

Mahalaxmi

Sambaranand

28

Kanchi, on the banks of Kopai river 4 Km towards north-east from Bolpur station of district Birbhum, West Bengal, India

Bone

Devgarbha

Ruru

29

Kalmadhav on the banks of Shon river in a cave over hills near to Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, India

Buttock (Left)

Kali

Asitang

30

Shondesh, at the source point of Narmada river in Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, India

Buttock (Right)

Narmada

Bhadrasen

31

Ramgiri, at Chitrakuta on the Jhansi Manikpur Railway line in Uttar Pradesh, India

Right Breast

Shivani

Chanda

32

Vrindavan, near new bus stand on Bhuteshwar road within Bhuteshwar Mahadev Temple, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India

Ringlets of Hair

Uma

Bhutesh

33

Shuchi, in a Shiva temple at Shuchitirtham 11 Km on Kanyakumari Trivandrum road, Tamil Nadu, India

Teeth (Upper Jaw)

Narayani

Sanhar

34

Panchsagar place not known

Teeth (Lower Jaw)

Varahi

Maharudra

35

Kartoyatat, at Bhawanipur village 28 Km distance from interior Serpur. Alight at Bagura station under district Bagura, Bangladesh

Left Anklet (Ornament)

Arpana

Vaman

36

Shri Parvat, near Ladak, Kashmir, India. Another belief: at Srisailam in Shriparvat hills under Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India

Right Anklet (Ornament)

Shrisundari

Sundaranand

37

Vibhash, at Tamluk under district East Medinipur, West Bengal, India

Left Ankle

Kapalini (Bhimarupa)

Sarvanand

38

Prabhas, 4 Km distance from Veraval station near Somnath temple in Junagadh district of Gujarat, India

Stomach

Chandrabhaga

Vakratund

39

Bhairavparvat, at Bhairav hills on the banks of Shipra river a little distance from Ujjaini town, Madhya Pradesh, India

Upper Lips

Avanti

Lambkarna

40

Jansthan, at Godavari river valley near Nasik, Maharasthra, India

Chin (Two Parts)

Bhramari

Vikritaksh

41

Sarvashail or Godavaritir, at Kotilingeswar temple on the banks of Godavari river near Rajamundry, Andhra Pradesh, India

Cheeks

Rakini or Vishweshwari

Vatsnabh or Dandpani

42

Birat, near Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India

Left Feet Fingers

Ambika

Amriteshwar

43

Ratnavali, on the banks of Ratnakar river at Khanakul-Krishnanagar, district Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Right Shoulder

Kumari

Shiva

44

Mithila, near Janakpur Railway station on the boarder of India-Nepal

Left Shoulder

Uma

Mahodar

45

Nalhati, on a hillock near Nalhati station of Birbhum district, West Bengal, India

Tubular Bones of the Feet

Kalika Devi

Yogesh

46

Karnat place not known

Both Ears

Jayadurga

Abhiru

47

Vakreshwar, on the banks of Paaphara river, 7 Km distance from Dubrajpur station, district Birbhum, West Bengal, India

Portion between the eyebrows

Mahishmardini

Vakranath

48

Yashor, at Ishwaripur, district Khulna, Bangladesh

Hands & Feet

Yashoreshwari

Chanda

49

Attahas, 2 Km distance from Labhpur station district Birbhum, West Bengal, India

Lips

Phullara

Vishvesh

50

Nandipur under a Banyan tree within a boundary wall near Sainthia Railway station, district Birbhum, West Bengal, India

Necklace

Nandini

Nandikeshwar

51

Lanka place not known (One opinion is this temple is in Trincomalee, but destroyed during portuguese shelling. Only a pillar remains. This temple is near to the more famous Trikoneshwara temple)

Anklets

Indrakshi

Rakshaseshwar