Bissau: The fate of Guinea-Bissau`s civilian leaders was unknown early Friday after overnight attacks by soldiers who hurled grenades at the Prime Minister`s home and sealed off the downtown area of the capital.
The body representing nations in West Africa called the attacks that took place just two weeks before a scheduled presidential runoff election a "reprehensible coup attempt”.
"The commission firmly denounces this latest incursion by the military into politics and unreservedly condemns the irresponsible act, which has once more demonstrated their penchant to maintain Guinea-Bissau as a failed state," Desire Kadre Ouedraogo, the president of the ECOWAS commission, said in a statement released early Friday.
Portugal, the former colonial ruler of the tiny African nation, appealed for the violence to stop and advised Portuguese citizens to say inside their homes, according to a statement carried early Friday by the Portuguese state news agency Lusa. It said the situation in the country`s capital of Bissau was "still uncertain”.
Explosions blasted through the capital of the coup-prone nation on Thursday night, according to a diplomat and witnesses.
The violence comes just weeks before the country`s presidential runoff vote, which Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Jr was favoured to win. There have been fears of a coup ever since Guinea-Bissau`s president died of complications from diabetes in January, leaving an interim leader in charge of the chronically unstable country known for cocaine trafficking.
Shooting started after the state radio station signal inexplicably went dead. The whereabouts of interim President Raimundo Pereira was unknown.
A military official, who like the diplomat could not be named because he was not authorised to speak to the media, said that the soldiers had encircled the home of Gomes and were attacking the building with grenades. It was not clear if the premier was at home when the shooting started.
Resident Edmond Ajoye, an employee of a Dutch NGO, said he was around 3 miles (5 kilometres) from his home when the shooting began.
"There was panic. Women were running," he said. "There were rockets being launched, and the soldiers were shooting with guns mounted on their trucks."
"The soldiers took downtown," he continued. "The shooting lasted from 7 pm until 9 pm. They then went from embassy to embassy to make sure that the politicians couldn`t seek refuge there."
The violence took even seasoned diplomats by surprise. One official spoke by telephone a news agency from his office.
"I am at the office and I am prevented from leaving," said the diplomat. "The downtown area has been sealed off by the military ... I can also tell you that all Guinea-Bissau radio has been taken off the air since 8 pm local time and the whereabouts of the Prime Minister and interim President are unknown."
Guinea-Bissau has weathered successive coups, attempted coups and a civil war since winning independence from Portugal in 1974. It has been further destabilised by a growing cocaine trade, fuelled by traffickers from Latin America who discovered the nation`s archipelago of uninhabited islands several years ago. They used the deserted islands to land small, twin-engine planes loaded with drugs, which are then parcelled out and carried north for sale in Europe.
The traffickers, according to analysts, have bought off key members of the government and the military, creating a narcostate.
The unrest in Guinea-Bissau takes place only three weeks after mutinous soldiers overthrew the democratically-elected president of Mali, who was about to retire after an April election. The country`s junta leader handed over power to an interim civilian President on Thursday.