Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Buenos Aires was elected the 266th pope by the conclave of cardinals on March 13.
Taiwan has full diplomatic relations with only 23 countries, most of them in Latin America, Africa, and the south Pacific.
Pope Francis celebrated his first Mass since becoming the Catholic Church`s head with the cardinals who elected him.
The Philippines, the biggest Catholic nation in Asia, welcomed the election of the new Pope.
China said the Holy See should severe ties with Taiwan and stop interfering in its internal affairs in the name of religion.
Pope Francis opened his first morning as pontiff by praying at Rome`s main basilica dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
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