Zee Media BureauNew Delhi: A new study has identified rotavirus as the most common cause of diarrhoeal deaths among children around the world.The Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS), involving 20,000 children from across Asia and Africa was designed to identify the aetiology and population-based burden of paediatric diarrhoeal disease in developing countries.It is a 3-year, prospective, age-stratified, matched case-control study of moderate-to-severe diarrhoea in children aged 0-59 months residing in censused populations at four sites in Africa and three in Asia.The researchers said that recruited children with moderate-to-severe diarrhoea seeking care at health centres along with one to three randomly selected matched community control children without diarrhoea.From patients with moderate-to-severe diarrhoea and controls, they said they obtained clinical and epidemiological data, anthropometric measurements, and a faecal sample to identify enteropathogens at enrolment.One follow-up home visit was made about 60 days later to ascertain vital status, clinical outcome, and interval growth.
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