As the name suggests, heart disease or cardiopathy is a combined term for a variety of diseases affecting the heart.The major types of heart diseases are listed below: Coronary heart disease Coronary heart disease refers to the failure of the coronary circulation to supply adequate circulation to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. The major causes of Coronary heart disease include High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, stress and overweightTreatment:The first step in treatment of coronary heart disease includes regular exercise, prevention of excessive smoking or drinking, maintaining a healthy weight and eating well-balanced diet.However, treatment of severe coronary heart disease includes a surgical procedure called a coronary angioplasty.Coronary artery bypass, another less common and a more persistent procedure called is also performed according to the need.Cardiomyopathy It is basically a group of diseases that affect the myocardium (muscle of the heart).There are three types of cardiomyopathy distinguished by the kind of muscle problem involved:Dilated cardiomyopathy: In this the heart muscle becomes weak and the heart chambers dilate. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: In this the heart muscle itself is much thicker than normal. Restrictive cardiomyopathy: It is a condition in which the heart becomes stiff and cannot fill efficiently during diastole, the period of the heartbeat when the chambers fill with blood.Treatment: 1) Treatment depends on the patient’s symptoms, age, general health, and the specific type and severity of cardiomyopathy. If a treatable underlying cause, such as alcoholism can be identified, it should be treated. 2) Depending on the type of cardiomyopathy, certain drugs may be prescribed to decrease the workload of the heart, regulate the heartbeat, prevention of formation of blood clot and avoiding fluid accumulation in the body.Cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular diseases is the class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins).The term cardiovascular disease is usually used to refer to those related to atherosclerosis (arterial disease). These conditions have similar causes, mechanisms and treatments. Some of the causes of cardiovascular disease are age, smoking, obesity, heredity, high cholesterol levels etc.Treatment:1) Check your blood pressure timely: It is important to keep your blood pressure low by eating a diet low in sodium, exercising and keeping your arteries functioning. 2) Eating less cholesterol, Trans and saturated fats.3) Eating less meat: A diet low in saturated fat is one crucial factor in preventing heart disease, obesity, cancer and diabetes among others. 4) Exercising regularly: Exercising has so many benefits. It relieves stress, lowers your blood pressure, burns fat, strengthens your immune system and just leaves you feeling good for the rest of the day. 5) Staying at your healthy weight, or lose weight if you need to in order to be healthy. 6) Avoiding unnecessary stress as it raises your blood pressure. Ischaemic heart disease Ischaemic (or ischemic) heart disease is a disease characterized by reduced blood supply to the heart.The coronary arteries provide blood to the various muscles of the heart and when no alternative blood supply exists, so a blockage in the coronary arteries reduces the blood supply to heart muscle.
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