Washington: Differences in bacterial colonization of the infant gut in formula-fed and breast-fed babies lead to changes in the expression of genes involved in the infant`s immune system, a new study has revealed.The research was a joint effort of University of Illinois, Texas A ‘n’ M University, Miami University, and University of Arkansas scientists."This study provides a first insight into the interactions between microbes and the developing infant and how these interactions are affected by diet. It also demonstrates the power of new experimental and analytical approaches that enable the simultaneous analysis of the microbiome and the host response," said Mihai Pop of the University of Maryland in a review of the study for the publishing journal.He claimed that there is strong proof that the colonization of the body by microbes has an important influence on the development of infants` immune systems.In the study, the researchers compared the genes expressed in cells from the intestines of three-month-old exclusively breast-fed or formula-fed infants and related this to the microbes in their gut.
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