New Delhi: Scientists have created a nanoceramic material that may be used to produce safer and economical nuclear reactors.
This may be used in next-generation nuclear reactors that will operate at higher temperatures and radiation fields, producing energy more efficiently and economically.
The material can not only withstand the harsh effects of radiation, but also becomes tougher under radiation, researchers said.
Traditionally, water has been used as the primary coolant in reactors, absorbing the heat released from fission reactions.
Though water poses fewer risks of corrosion damage to materials, there are also limits to the temperatures up to which water-cooled reactors can operate ? and in advanced reactors, increasing their temperature is the best way to increase energy production.
New coolants, such as liquid metals like sodium and lead, are effective at much higher temperatures, but also are much more corrosive to the materials from which a nuclear reactor is made.