As the name suggests, it is manly the amount of Carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted into the atmosphere including many gases that negatively influence the quality of the air subsequently increasing the greenhouse effect.
Almost 200 countries on Saturday kept alive hopes for a global deal in 2015 to fight climate change after overcoming disputes on greenhouse gas emissions cuts and aid for poor nations at a meeting widely criticised as lacking urgency.
With the UN Climate Conference entering a crucial phase, top environment diplomats have warned that global warming represents a potentially irreversible threat and sought urgent international action against climate change in the short term.
India Monday said it will push the industrialised nations to take a leadership role to tackle global warming, even as there was no breakthrough in sight on key issues after week-long negotiations at the UN Climate Conference here.
The New Zealand government Friday committed to a controversial greenhouse gas emissions target of five percent below 1990 levels by 2020, with critics claiming it had reneged on a higher commitment made in 2010.
Crucial climate talks to decide the future of the Kyoto Protocol and a regime that will follow it entered the final day today though there were little signs that a worthwhile deal was anywhere on the cards.
As the Doha climate talks enter into a high level round, negotiations remained deadlocked over the climate financing for developing countries and crucial issues around the second commitment period of Kyoto Protocol.
The EU today pitched for the need to "decouple" carbon emissions and GDP growth rates while asking major polluters, including non-parties to the Kyoto Protocol, to put in more efforts to reduce their emissions in the shorter term.