Atrial fibrillation: Symptoms, risk factors and prevention tips!
Anyone with certain chronic conditions or a heart disease has an increased risk of atrial fibrillation.
Zee Media Bureau
New Delhi: Atrial fibrillation (Afib or AF) is a common type of abnormal heart rhythm and a major cause of stroke. It can also increase your risk of heart failure and other heart-related complications.
In most cases, people with atrial fibrillation may have no symptoms, and are unaware of their condition until it's discovered during a physical examination. But, when symptoms do appear, they include – palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, etc,.
Anyone with certain chronic conditions or a heart disease has an increased risk of atrial fibrillation. However, people who are obese, particularly morbidly obese, are at higher risk for atrial fibrillation.
Making some lifestyle changes can help prevent or reduce your risk for the onset of Afib. Here's how-
- Eating a heart-healthy diet that's low in salt, saturated fats, transfats and cholesterol, and rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
- Getting regular physical exercise.
- Maintaining a healthy weight.
- Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control.
- Not smoking.
- Avoiding or limiting alcohol and caffeine.
- Taking medications as prescribed and having regular follow-up appointments with your doctor if you have been diagnosed with Afib.