This is the first flare-up since the end of 11 days of cross-border fighting in May. The Israeli army accepted it attacked Hamas compounds and that it was "ready for all scenarios, including renewed fighting in the face of continued terrorist acts emanating from Gaza". On May 21, a ceasefire was declared between Israel and Hamas, leading to the end of 11 days of fighting.
Israel's left has for years pointed the finger at Netanyahu, then head of the opposition, for playing a part in incitement that preceded the assassination. The new government, yet to be sworn in, is an unlikely patchwork of left-wing, liberal, rightist, nationalist and religious parties, as well as - for the first time in Israel`s history - an Arab Islamist party.