New Delhi: With the first Arjun tank
regiment completing its conversion trials, the Army is
readying to test the indigenous MBT`s mettle against the
proven Russian T-90s in the early half of the year.
"Army is preparing for comparative trials against the
Russian T-90s in the early half of this year ... before May,"
a senior Army officer said on Saturday.
The Army had completed its first regiment`s fleet of 40
Arjun MBTs last May when 16 of the Combat Vehicle Research and
Development Establishment-built tanks were handed over to it
by the Heavy Vehicles Factory in Avadi near Chennai.
However, the Army has placed orders for only 124 Arjuns
in all as yet and there have been enough indications that
further orders may not come through, as the Army was now
looking at a futuristic MBT that could be operational beyond
It was also felt by the Army`s Mechanised Forces circles
that Arjuns could serve the Army only for about a decade as
the technology and design of the tanks were on the verge of
Having taken nearly 37 years to have a regiment of the
indigenous tanks since the project was approved, the tanks
have changed designs from a 40-tonne class vehicle with a
105-mm gun at the conception stage to 50-tonne vehicle with a
201-mm gun during production.
"For such a delay and design changes, Arjun tanks have
proved to be a worthy combat vehicle for Indian deserts during
the conversion trials and a third-party audit," the officer
The Arjun project was approved in 1972 and the first
prototype of the tanks was readied in 1982 and publicly
displayed in 1995.
However, during its development stages, several
structural and design flaws were identified by the DRDO and
the Army that were later rectified.
Now that the Army had got delivery of the first 40 tanks
to complete its first of the three regiments that would
operate Arjuns, the indigenous MBT is likely to be put through
comparative summer trials against the 45-tonne T-90s between
March and May this year.
Meant to come as replacements for the aging T-72 MBTs of
Russian origin, the mainstay of Indian combat vehicle fleet
since the 1980s, the delay in Arjun`s production made India
go in for T-90s from Russia.
First, an order for 310 T-90s was placed with Russia and
it was followed up with 330-tank order in 2006. Again, in
2007, another order for 1,000 tanks was placed.
While the first 310 were bought directly from Russia, the
rest of the orders were for licensed production of the tanks
The licensing issues were only sorted as recently as last
year, with Russia agreeing to provide all technical knowhow to
India for indigenous production of the tank.
In all, India would have about 35 regiments of T-90s in
its armoured fleet by 2020.