Buddhists remember souls of Japan`s tsunami dead

Japan`s quake and tsunami is believed to have killed nearly 26,000 people.

Soma: Buddhist priests in black and gold robes chanted and rang bells on Thursday to mark the 49th day since Japan`s massive tsunami — when the dead are believed to end their restless wandering through the devastated coastline.

About 1,200 mourners filled a hall to overflowing, with many standing outside a gate, for a ceremony organised by 170 priests in the northeastern town of Soma, where much of the coast remains buried in mountains of debris from the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.

Many carried framed photographs of lost loved ones, and wept. Some clutched wooden tablets containing Buddhist names assigned to the dead to help them find their way into their next phase of existence.

"There are so many still missing. There are people lost at the bottom of the sea who will never be found. But this is the day they become Buddhas. We pray for them all, and for all sentient brings," Buddhist priest Kojin Sato said.

Overall, the quake and tsunami is believed to have killed nearly 26,000 people, though only about 14,500 bodies have been found. Many likely were swept out to sea and will never be found.

Kiyoshi Sakurai fears that will be the case with his elder brother, missing since the disaster.

"It`s very difficult because we couldn`t have a proper funeral. But this gives us some feeling of closure," Sakurai said, clutching a blurry photo of his brother.

"It was comforting to have so many priests come to pray for our relatives. Maybe someday my brother will be found. Maybe not. But he has at least had this," he said.

Many Japanese share Buddhist beliefs with the native Japanese religion of Shinto, which worships spirits in nature and dead ancestors.

Virtually all rites related to death are Buddhist. In many Japanese schools of Buddhist thought, the dead wander near their homes for 49 days before heading into their next stage of existence on the 50th day.

The Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, was visiting Japan on Thursday and scheduled to join in another memorial in Tokyo later this week. Spokesmen for the religious leader said he had altered his schedule to be in Japan for the 49th day since the disaster.

Seven weeks after the magnitude-9.0 earthquake and tsunami struck, some 130,000 people are still living in about 2,500 shelters. The government has promised to build 30,000 temporary homes for them by the end of May and another 70,000 after that.

Sato, the priest, said local temples invited anyone to come to the ceremony and told the bereaved not to worry about dressing in black, since many people had lost their formal clothes. He added that instead of the usual gifts passed out after funerals, the bereaved were given bags with bottles of water, tea and soap - things that they might need in shelters or temporary housing.

The ceremony closed with a silent procession before an altar. The only sound was chanting and occasional weeping.

Bureau Report

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