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'Rollercoaster' Iran nuclear talks in balance

Iran nuclear talks hung in the balance Monday with a senior US official saying it remained unclear whether the outlines of a deal could be agreed by a March 31 deadline.



Tehran: Iran nuclear talks hung in the balance Monday with a senior US official saying it remained unclear whether the outlines of a deal could be agreed by a March 31 deadline.

After a five-hour meeting between US Secretary of State John Kerry and his Iranian counterpart, the official said Iran still had "very tough choices" to make.

"Iran still needs to make some very tough and necessary choices," the official said in Switzerland where the crucial round of talks was being held this week.

"We still hope to be able to get there but quite frankly we still don`t know if we will be able to," the official said on condition of anonymity, likening the talks to a "rollercoaster".

Iran and six world powers are pushing to reach by the end of the month what the official called a "political framework that addresses the major elements of a comprehensive deal".

Such an accord would reduce in scale Iran`s nuclear programme in order to ease fears that it might develop atomic weapons in exchange for sanctions relief. A full deal is due by July.

Earlier Monday Kerry met with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in the Swiss city of Lausanne before the latter left for Brussels for talks with European foreign ministers.

Zarif was due to return late Monday and hold further talks with Kerry on Tuesday, when political directors from the other five powers -- Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany -- will start to arrive.The United States and Iran have not had diplomatic relations for 35 years but the 2013 election of President Hassan Rouhani resulted in a minor thaw and a diplomatic push to resolve the more than decade-old nuclear standoff.

Under a landmark November 2013 interim deal with the "P5+1" powers, Tehran stopped expanding its activities in return for minor sanctions relief.

Since then the parties have been pushing for a lasting accord.

But to the alarm of Iran`s foe Israel, US Republicans and Washington`s Gulf allies, the US looks to have abandoned demands that Iran dismantle all nuclear activities.

Instead it appears prepared to tolerate a small programme under tight controls and potentially shipping abroad some of Iran`s nuclear material, possibly to Russia.

In theory this still leaves Iran with the possibility to get the bomb, critics say.

Iran says its nuclear programme is exclusively peaceful.

Last week 47 US Republicans took the unprecedented step of writing an open letter to Iran`s leaders.

They warned that any nuclear deal could be modified by Congress or revoked "with the stroke of a pen" by whomever succeeds President Barack Obama, a Democrat.

The Obama administration has been trying to dissuade lawmakers from passing legislation that would force the president to submit any Iran deal to Congress for approval.

"Apparently the administration is on the cusp of entering into a very bad deal with one of the worst regimes in the world that would allow them to continue to have their nuclear infrastructure," Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell told CNN on Sunday.

Speaking in Egypt over the weekend, Kerry sought to ease such concerns, saying that the aim is "not just to get any deal, it is to get the right deal".

Zarif said on Sunday that "several questions need to be discussed, those where we haven`t found a solution yet and also those where we have found solutions but where we need to discuss certain details."Some progress has been made towards a deal but the two sides remain far apart on several key issues.

These include the future size of Iran`s uranium enrichment capacities -- which can make nuclear fuel but also the core of a bomb -- the pace at which sanctions would be lifted and the accord`s duration.

"We are closer than we were but there is still a long way to go. There are areas where we have made progress and areas where we have yet to make any progress," British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said Monday.

Two deadlines, in July and November, were missed but in view of the controversy in Washington -- and pressure in Iran on Rouhani to deliver -- extending yet again will be very tough.

"I don`t see a further extension being useful if (Iran has) not agreed to the basic formulation and the bottom line that the world requires," Obama said in February.

From Zee News

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