Bangkok: The government expressed confidence on Sunday that Bangkok will escape Thailand`s worst flooding in decades, as the capital`s elaborate barriers held strong and floodwaters receded from submerged plains to the north.
Agriculture Minister Theera Wongsamut said the largest mass of runoff water flowing southward had passed through Bangkok`s Chao Phraya river and into the Gulf of Thailand, and that the river`s levels would rise no higher. He stopped short of saying the threat to Bangkok had passed completely.
The capital is being shielded by an elaborate system of flood walls, canals, dikes and underground tunnels. But if any of the defences fail, floodwaters could begin seeping into the city of nine million people.
"People have faith these walls will work," a saffron-robed monk named Pichitchai said as he peaked over stacks of sandbags added in recent days to help protect a Buddhist temple along a canal in northwestern Bangkok. The 36-year-old uses only one name.
The Agriculture Minister said floodwaters in the provinces of Singburi, Angthong and hard-hit Ayutthaya have begun to recede, signaling that the pressure on the capital could ease.
"I can confirm that the highest possible level of water has already subsided," Theera told reporters. "The water level in the Chao Phraya will not be higher than the barriers."
Relentless monsoon rains that began inundating the country in late July have affected two-thirds of the country, drowning agricultural land, swamping hundreds of factories and swallowing low-lying villages along the way.
Nearly 300 people have been killed so far, while more than 200 major highways and roads have been shut along with the main rail lines to the north. The government says property damage and losses could reach USD 3 billion. The most affected provinces are just north of Bangkok, including Ayutthaya, which is home to a series of ancient and treasured stone temples. Water there and in other towns has risen in some places six-feet-high (two-meters-high), forcing thousands of people to abandon their homes.
Despite widespread fears that disaster could touch Bangkok, the giant city has so far been mostly untouched.
Speaking late Saturday, Bangkok Governor Sukhumbhand Paribatra said he was worried about barriers on the northwest side of the capital, saying they were not as strong as in other parts of Bangkok and water could flood around them and into the city from the west. But on Sunday, he said the situation was still under control.
A news agency team that travelled to that area on Sunday found no serious flooding in the district bordering on neighbouring Nonthaburi and Nokhon Pathom provinces. Canals were not overflowing and, although some residents were still reinforcing sandbag walls, few were worried.
Over the last few days, government officials have voiced increasing confidence the capital would survive without major damage. On Sunday, Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra echoed those sentiments again, saying "I believe Bangkok will be safe."
Yingluck spoke just after presiding over a ceremony in which an armada of more than 1,000 small boats stationed in dozens of spots on the Chao Phraya turned on their engines in an effort to help propel water down the river. It wasn`t immediately clearly what impact the effort would have.